Ido-English Dictionary : N

-n: (gram.) accusative ending.

nab-o: nave; hub of a wheel. — De

nabet-o: (bot.) rape (Brassica rapa oleifera); -oleo: rape oil. — FS

nabob-o: nabob. Def.: Princo di India; metafore, richega viro; VII-280. — DEFIRS

nacion-o: nation; -ala: national; -ano: a native, national; member of a nation; -al-igar: to nationalize (an industry, etc.); -an-igar: to naturalize (cf. civit-an-igar); -al-ismo: devotion to or advocacy of a nation; national interest or unity; -eso: nationality (of a nation as a whole); -al-eso, -an-eso: nationality (of an individual); -al-ista, -isto: nationalist(ic). — DEFIRS

nadir-o: (astron.) nadir. — DEFIRS

naft-o: naptha. — DEFIRS

naftalino: napthaline. — DEFIRS

naiv-a: naïve: unaffectedly simple: ingenuous; artless; -ajo: act of native simplicity; -acha: silly. — DEFR

nakarat-a, -o: nacarat: orange-red colo(u)r. — DEFS

naktigal-o: (orni.) nightingale (genus: Luscinia). — DE

nam: (conj.) for (= because, but in a less immediate and explicit way than pro ke. Introduces a sentence or subordinate clause which adduces reason, proof or justification). Esas matino, nam la uceli kantas: it is morning for (not because: pro ke) the birds are singing. Ex.: Vu ne trovos il en la domo, nam me jus vidis il en la strado. Vu ne povas vidar il, nam il esas departinta de longe. Lavez vua manui, nam li esas sordida. Me ne povas amar ilu, nam il odias me. Ni irez lente adheme, nam balde esos nokto. V. exp.: Nam, pro ke: Pro ke introduktas dependanta propoziciono, qua kontenas motivo o pruvo por la chefa propoziciono prieranta o sequanta: nam introduktas chefa frazo, qua kontenas anke motivo o pruvo, ma nur por preiranta frazo, o tacita penso. Ex.: Pro ke pluvas, me ne ekiros. Me ne ekiros nam pluvas; III-223; cf. or. Ta du konjuncioni interdistingesas precize quale Angla for e because. La Angla linguisto Sweet skribas pri li tale: «La du precipua konjuncioni kauzala esas pro ke, qua konstatas nemediata e direte aganta kauzo, e nam, qua ajuntas expliko o motivo, ofte kom quaza posa penso; ex.: ni kunprenis nia parapluvi, pro ke ni timas ke pluvos; nam la barometro falis de kelka tempo. Konseque, nam uzesas libere pos pauzo ed esas do nur mi-konjunciono (konjunciono koordinanta); IV-524; kp. Talmey’s Text Book, p. 113. — L

nan-o: dwarf. — FIS

nankin-o: (fabric) nankeen, nankin. — DEFIR

nano-: (2001) (prefix) nano- (thousand-million). — DEFIRS

nap-o: turnip (Brassica Napus esculenta). — FIS

narac-ar: (tr.) to narrate, relate, tell (something that happened, a true incident); -ar sua historio: to tell one’s history; -o pri batalio: narrative of (or, about) a battle. V. exp.: Naracar ne esas samsenca kam rakontar; naraco esas prefere historiala, do vera; rakonto esas prefere imaginala, do desvera o fingita; ex.: «il naracis lua historio, qua semblas feala rakonto»; II-485-6. — EFIS

narcis-o: (bot.) narcissus, daffodil (genus: Narcissus) (cf. jonquilo). — DEFIRS

nard-o: (bot.) spikenard (East Indian: Nardostachys Jatamansi); -o-unguento: nard (ointment). — DEFIS

narkot-ar: (intr.) to be in a state of narcosis; -o: narcosis; -igar: to narcotize; -ig-iva, -ivo: narcotic. — DEFIS

narval-o: narwhal (Monodon monoceros). — DEFIS

nas-o: bownet, eel-trap (for fish); hoopnet (for birds). — FS

nask-ar: (intr.) to be born; -o, -epoko: birth, nativity; -ala: natal; -igar: to give birth to (cf. genitar); -e blinda: blind from birth; -anta: nascent; -ala yuro (od, naskoyuro): birthright; -inta nove: new-born (child, etc.); -into un-esma: first-born child (cf. seniora); -e poeto: a poet by birth, a born poet; -o-lando: land of birth, fatherland (cf. patrio); -o-loko: birthplace; -en-nask-into: a native; kun-nask-into: congenital. — IS

nat-ar: (intr.) to swim (of living beings); -erio: natatorium. — EFIS

natr-o: (chem.) sodium; -o-kloro: chloride of sodium.

natur-o: (all senses) nature; -ala: (also mus.) natural; -ale: naturally; -ala lego: natural law; -al-ismo: (philos., art) naturalism; -al-isto: (philos., art) naturalist; -cienc-isto: naturalist: one versed in natural history; -kolora: (of wood, etc.) not colored, of natural colo(u)r. — DEFIRS

naufraj-ar: (intr.) to be shipwrecked; -o: (ship)wreck; -anto, -into: shipwrecked person, castaway. — FIS

nautil-o: (zool.) nautilus. — DEFIS

nauze-ar: (intr.) to feel nauseated, be sick to the stomach, be qualmish; -(ad)o: nausea, qualm, retching; -igar: to nauseate (cf. insipid-igar, repugnar, vomar); -ig-anta: nauseous; (fig.) loathsome, disgusting. — EFIS

nav-o: (nav.) vessel: (merchant-) ship (cf. milit-navo); nave (of a church); -aro: shipping (collect.), fleet; -eto: (fig., eccl.) incense-box; (weaver’s) shuttle; -ala: nautical; -ano: member of a ship’s company; -ero, -isto: seaman, mariner, sailor; -estro: master of a (merchant-) ship; -o tri-ferdeka: a three decker (ship); komerc-navo, var-navo: merchant-man; vapor- -o: steamer; me iris nave (de Hamburg ad Bordeaux): I went by ship (from H. to B.); la kapitano restis en-nave: the captain (of a warship) remained on board; -atra osto: scaphoid bone (cf. tarso); -oida osto: scaphoid bone (of carpal bones). — EFIRS

navig-ar: (tr., intr.) to navigate, sail (on); -arto: (art of) navigation, seamanship; -anta viro: seafaring man; -ala: nautical: relating to navigation; -ebla: navigable; fora- -ado: foreign trade; rivo- -o: coasting;. — DEFIRS

nayad-o: (myth.) naiad, water-nymph. — DEFIRS

naz-o: nose; -ala: nasal; -alo: (gram.) a nasal (sound, letter); -al-igar: (gram.) to nasalize; -fetida: a stinking nose; (med.) affected with ozaena; -guto: a nose-drop, snot, snivel; -kataro: cold in the head; -peco: nose-piece (serving as protection); -parolar: to speak through the nose; -truo: nostril; (of whales) blow-hole; -tuko: handkerchief; -binoklo: nose glasses; facar longa nazo (ad, kontre) (fig.) to laugh at; -o kontre -o: nose to nose, (fig.) face to face. — DEFIRS

ne: (adv.) not; ne plus: no more; ne multo: not much; tote ne: not at all, by no means, not in the least; ne tam multe: not so much; me anke ne: nor I also; ne for: not far from; ne nur: not only; ne tante stupida: not so stupid; ne male: not badly; ne ja: not yet. Note: As distinguishable from des- in word composition, ne- carries a less forceful sense of negation, implying merely absence of the positive quality rather than the absolute negation; ex.: ne-facila: difficult = not easy; des-facila: difficult = arduous, laborious. — DEFIRS

ne-acent-iz-ita: unaccented.

ne-acept-ebla: unacceptable.

ne-aces-ebla: (of persons, places) unapproachable, inaccessible.

ne-admis-ebla: inadmissible.

ne-ago, -agemeso: inactivity; -ag-anta: inactive; -ag-ema: (tendency) inactive; indolent, lazy.

ne-aktiv-a: inactive.

ne-akurat-a: unpunctual, not prompt.

ne-alien-ebla: inalienable.

ne-alter-ebla: unalterable: unmodified; unadulterated.

ne-amans-ita: untamed.

ne-aplik-ebla: inapplicable.

ne-aprob-ar: (tr.) to disapprove: not to approve (ulo).

ne-apt-a: inapt, unfit.

ne-atak-ebla: unassailable; (fig.) unimpeachable, irreproachable.

ne-atenc-oza, -ema: inattentive, unmindful.

ne-aud-ita: unheard (of).

ne-blam-ebla: blameless.

nebul-ar: (impers.) to be foggy, misty, hazy; -oza, -atra: foggy, misty, nebulous (cf. nebuloza); (fig.) obscure, not intelligible; -izar: to cover with fog; -pluvar: to drizzle. — DEFIS

nebulos-o: (astron.) nebula.

ne-cert-a: uncertain.

neces-a: necessary, indispensable requisite (cf. bezon-ata); -ajo: a necessary thing, the needful; -igar: necessitate. Ex.: Esas necesa konsequajo. Respirado esas necesa por la vivo. Ne esas necesa parolar pri to. Ant.: superflua, ne-utila. — EFIS

ne-ces-anta: incessant (cf. sen-cesa).

ne-chanj-ebl-a: unchangeable, unalterable, immutable.

ne-chast-a: unchaste, lewd, immodest.

ne-cirkonciz-ita, -ito: uncircumsized (person).

ne-civiliz-ita: uncivilized.

ne-dechifr-ebla: undecipherable.

ne-decid-ema, -iva: irresolute, indecisive; -ita: undecided (of acts).

ne-defens-ebla: indefensible, untenable.

ne-defin-ita: undefined, indefinite.

ne-delikat-a: indelicate.

ne-depend-o: independence.

ne-deskript-ebla: indescribable.

ne-destrukt-ebla: indestructible.

ne-determin-ebla: indeterminable.

ne-devoc-oza: undevout, irreligious.

ne-dic-ebla: unutterable, unspeakable.

ne-digest-ebla: indigestible.

ne-diret-a: indirect (cf. mediata).

ne-diskret-a: indiscreet; -eso, -ajo: (quality, act) indiscretion.

ne-dispon-ebla: indisposable, unavailable.

ne-disting-ita: indistinct (voice, etc.); -ebla: undistinguishable; -ante, -ite: indifferently (without distinction).

ne-divid-ita: undivided; -ebla: indivisible.

ne-docil-a: intractable.

ne-domt-ebla: indomitable, untamable, ungovernable.

ne-dorm-ado, -iveso: sleeplessness, wakefulness, insomnia.

ne-dub-ebla: indubitable.

ne-dur-anta, -iva: not lasting, transient, transitory.

ne-edit-ita, -ajo: unpublished (book, paper).

ne-efac-ebla: indelible, ineffaceable.

ne-efik-anta, -iva: inefficacious, ineffective, unavailing, inefficient.

ne-ego: (philos.) the non-ego, the external world.

ne-egal-a: unequal (cf. ne-para).

ne-elekt-ebla: (polit.) ineligible.

ne-equitat-oza: inequitable.

ne-eror-iva: infallible (church, etc.); not capable of erring (cf. infalibla, ne-fali-iva).

ne-esper-ebla, -ita: unhoped for, unlooked for (cf. ne-expekt-ata).

ne-etik-al-a, -ajo: immoral (act.); -(ul)o: immoral person.

ne-evalu-ebla: invaluable, inappreciable.

ne-evit-ebla: inevitable, unavoidable.

ne-exakt-a: (of objects) inaccurate, incorrect, inexact (calculation, news, etc.); -ajo: an inaccuracy.

ne-exekut-ebla: impracticable, unfeasible; -ita: unexecuted.

ne-exerc-ita: unexercised, unpractised, unexerted, undrilled.

ne-exhaust-ebla: inexhaustible.

ne-exist-o: non-existence.

ne-exkuz-ebla: inexcusable, unwarrantable (cf. ne-justifikebla, ne-pardonebla).

ne-expekt-ata, -ita: unexpected, unthought of, unlooked for (cf. ne-esper-ita).

ne-expert-a: inexperienced, inexpert, unpractised.

ne-explor-ita: unexplored, uninvestigated; -ebla: inscrutable, unfathomable.

ne-explot-ata, -ita: (of mines, etc.) unexploited, unworked; (land) untilled, uncultivated.

ne-explik-ebla: unexplainable, inexplicable, unaccountable, singular; -ita: unexplained.

ne-expres-ebla: inexpressible, ineffable, unutterable.

ne-exting-ebla: inextinguishable, unquenchable.

ne-extirp-ebla: ineradicable.

ne-fac-ebla: impracticable (cf. ne-exekut-ebla).

ne-facil-a: difficult: not easy (cf. Note under ne).

ne-fali-iva: unfailing, unerring, infallible (cf. ne-eror-iva, infalibla).

ne-fatig-ebla: indefatigable, untiring, unwearied.

ne-fekund-a: (of living beings) infertile, barren, sterile (cf. ne-fertila).

ne-ferma: unstable, not solid; weak.

ne-fertila: (of ground, inanimate things) infertile, barren (cf. ne-fekunda).

ne-fidel-a: unfaithful, untrue, disloyal.

ne-fin-ita: unended, unfinished, indefinite (without end) (cf. ne-defin-ita, infinita).

ne-fix-a: movable.

ne-flex-ebla: (phys., moral) inflexible; inexorable, unbending.

nefrit-o*: (med.) nephritis. — DEFIS

neg-ar: (tr.) to deny: declare untrue or non-existing (cf. renegar); -(ad)o: denial, denying, negation; -ilo: (gram.) a negative (word); -ala: negative: relation to negation; -anta, -iva: denying; expressing negation, negatory; -ebla: deniable; kad vu negas ke vu dicis to: do you deny that you said that? Ant.: afirmar. — DEFIS

ne-gast-ig-ema: inhospitable.

negativ-a, -o: (math., photog., elec.) negative. — DEFIRS

neglij-ar: (tr.) to neglect: to treat carelessly, slight, be remiss (in the performance of a duty, task, care of health, peson, etc.); -o: negligence; -ado: (habitual) neglect; -eso: (state of) neglect; -anta, -ema: negligent, neglectful, remiss, careless; -ebla: negligible, trifling, unimportant. Ant.: sorgar. — EFIS

neglije-o: negligee, undress, dishabille: unceremonious attire. — DEFI

negoci-ar: (tr.) to negotiate: to procure, or arrange for, by negotiating. Ex.: Negociar ligo atakala e defensala; Negociado pri ula afero grava, pri mariajo. — EFIRS

negr-a: -(ul)o: negro; -ino: negress; -acha: (hist.) nigger; -o-vend-ado: slave trade; -o-vend-isto: slaver. Ant.: (negr-(ul)o), blank-(ul)o: — DEFIS

ne-graci-oza: ungraceful.

ne-gratitud-o: unfratitude, thanklessness; -oza: unthankful, ingrate.

ne-guvern-ebla: ungovernable.

ne-habil-a: unskilful, inept, awkward.

ne-habit-ata: uninhabited.

ne-hom-ala: inhuman: non-human (cf. ne-humana).

ne-honest-a: dishonest, unfair, underhand, discreditable.

ne-human-a: inhuman: cruel.

ne-imit-ebla: inimitable.

ne-inteligent-a: unintelligent, stupid.

ne-inter-rupt-ita: uninterrupted.

ne-inter-veno: non-intervention

ne-jur-inta, -into: unsworn (person).

ne-just-a: improper, wrong (cf. ne-yusta).

ne-justifik-ebla: unjustifiable, unwarrantable.

nek: (conj.) neither; nek … nek: neither … nor; me povas nek enirar nek ekirar: I can get neither in nor out; il drinkas nek biro nek vino: he drinks neither beer nor wine. — FIRS

ne-kapt-ebla: uncapturable, impregnable, unseizable.

ne-kare-ebla: indispensable.

ne-kombat-ebla: indisputable.

ne-kombust-ebla: incombustible.

ne-komod-a: inconvenient.

ne-kompar-ebla: incomparable: (fig.) matchless, unequalled, peerless.

ne-komplet-a: incomplete.

ne-kompren-ebla: incomprehensible, unintelligible.

ne-koncept-ebla: inconceivable.

ne-konci-anta: unconscious.

ne-koncili-ebla: incompatible, irreconcilable.

ne-konquest-ebla: impregnable.

ne-konsequ-o: (log.) incoherence, inconsequence, inconsistency.

ne-konstant-a: inconstant, fickle, unsteady, flighty, changeable (cf. vari-ema).

ne-konstituc-ala: unconstitutional.

ne-kont-ebla: countless, innumerable.

ne-kontent-a: dissatisfied.

ne-korp-ala: incorporeal.

ne-korupt-ebla: (phys., mor.) incorruptible.

ne-kred-ebla: incredible, past belief; -anto, -ero: unbeliever, infidel.

nekrobios-o: (biol.) necrobiosis. — DEFIS

nekrolog-o: necrology: obituary review of (distinguished) persons who have died within a certain length of time. — DEFIRS

nekromanci-o: necromancy: pretended divination by aid of spirits; black art; (fig.) magic; -ar: to practise necromancy. — DEFIRS

nekrofil-o*: (psych.) necrophile.

nekrofili-o: (psych.) necrophilia.

nekropol-o: necropolis, city of the dead, large cemetery. — DEFIS

nekros-o: (med.) necrosis. — DEFIS

nektar-o: (myth., bot., fig.) nectar. — DEFIRS

nektari-o: (bot.) nectary.

nektarin-o: (2001) nectarine (fruit). — DEFRS

ne-kun-mezur-ebla: incommensurable.

ne-kustum-ala: uncustomed, uwonted (hono(u)r, etc.) unusual, unfamiliar (object); -anta: (of persons) unaccustomed.

ne-lacer-ebla: untearable.

ne-laut-a: low (voice), under one’s breath.

ne-leg-ala: illegal, unlawful.

ne-lekt-ebla: unreadable, illegible.

ne-lez-ita: unhurt, uninjured.

ne-logik-ala: illogical.

ne-manj-ebla: uneatable.

nematoblast-o: (biol.) nematoblast.

nematod-o: (2001) nematode, nematode worm, roundworm. — DEFIRS

ne-mediat-a: immediate: proximate; direct (without intervention of another object, cause or agency); -e: directly (cf. quik, direta).

ne-merit-ata, -ita: unmerited, undeserved, uncalled for.

ne-mezur-ebla: immeasurable, inappreciable.

ne-mort-iva, -ivo: everlasting, immortal; -iv-eso: immortality; -igar, ne-mort-iva: to immortalize.

ne-modest-a: immodest: not boastful (cf. ne-pudor-oza).

ne-mov-anta: motionless, immobile; -ebla: immovable; -ebl-eso: immobility.

ne-navig-ebla: unnavigable, unseaworthy.

ne-neg-ebla: undeniable.

neni-o: nenia. Def.: Kanto o lamento funerala, en l’antiqua mori. — DEFI

ne-nobel-a: plebeian; -(ul)o: commoner.

ne-noc-iva: innocuous, harmless.

ne-norm-ala: anomalous, irregular (cf. anomala).

nenufar-o: (bot.) nenuphar: nenuphär: the great white water-lily of Europa (Nymphaea alba or, Nuphar). — EFIS

ne-obedi-ema: not obedient, insubordinate.

ne-ofens-iva: inoffensive.

neolamarckism-o: (biol.) neo-Lamarckism.

neolitik-o: (geol.) Neolithic (period).

neologism-o: neologism. — DEFIS

neon-o: (chem.) neon.

ne-oportun-a: inopportune, unseasonable.

neopren-o: (2001) neoprene. — DEFIRS

ne-ordinar-a: uncommon, unusual (cf. extraordinara).

ne-organik-a: inorganic.

neovitalism-o: (biol.) neovitalism. — DEFIRS

ne-pac-ig-ebla: implacable, inexorable.

ne-pacient-a: impatient; -eso: impatience; -igar, -eskar: to make, to become impatient.

ne-palp-ebla: impalpable.

ne-par-a: not even, odd (of numbers)

ne-pardon-ebla: unpardonable; -ema: unrelenting, implacable, pitiless (cf. ne-exkuzebla).

ne-partis-ana: unpartisan, impartial; -an-eso: impartiality.

ne-pek-iva: impeccable.

ne-penetr-ebla: impenetrable, impermeable, impervious (cf. ne-perme-ebla).

neperal-a: (math.) relating to a logarithmic unit for ratios of measurements of physical field and power quantities.

ne-percept-ebla: imperceptible, undiscernible.

ne-perfekt-a: imperfect; -ig-ebla: imperfectible.

ne-peris-iva: imperishable, everlasting.

ne-perme-ebla: impermeable (cf. ne-penetr-ebla).

ne-person-ala: (gram., philos.) impersonal.

ne-pertur-ebla: imperturbable.

ne-plan-a: uneven: not level.

ne-polit-a: impolite, uncourteous, uncivil.

ne-politik-a: impolitic (in affairs of state).

ne-ponder-ebla: imponderable.

ne-popular-a: unpopular.

ne-posibl-a: impossible; -eso, -ajo: (quality, act) impossibility.

nepot-o, -ulo, -ino: grandchild; pos- -ulo: great-grandson. — IL

nepotism-o: nepotism. — DEFIS

ne-potent-a: impotent: powerless (cf. impotenta).

ne-pov-o, -eso: inability, incapacity.

ne-pre-vid-o, -em-eso: wanting foresight, improvidence; -anta, -ema: improvident (person); -ita: unforeseen, unlooked for (thing); -ite: unawares, napping.

ne-probabl-a: improbable, unlikely (cf. ne-versimila).

ne-produkt-iva, -ema: unproductive.

ne-profund-a: shallow: (fig.) superficial.

ne-pronunc-ebla: unpronounceable.

ne-prudent-a: imprudent, foolhardy, indiscreet.

Neptun-ala: (geol.) Neptunian.

ne-pudor-oza, -ema: immodest (in sex proprieties; cf. ne-modesta).

ne-pura: impure (cf. ne-chasta).

ne-racion-ala, -oza: irrational, unreasonable.

Nere-ido: (myth.) Nereid. — DEFIRS

ne-real-a: unreal; -ig-ebla: unrealizable.

ne-reflekt-ita: (phys., mental) unreflected; thoughtless, unconsidered (act); -ema: thoughtless, heedless (person).

ne-refut-ebla: irrefutable, irrefragable.

ne-regul-ala, -oza: irregular (cf. ne-korekta); -oz-eso: irregularity (cf. ne-plan-ajo).

ne-rekuper-ebla: irrecoverable.

ne-remedi-ebla: incurable (disease) (cf. ne-sanig-ebla).

ne-repar-ebla: (lit. and fig.) irreparable.

ne-repres-ebla: irrepressible.

ne-reproch-ebla: irreproachable.

ne-respekt-oza: disrespectful (ad).

ne-respons-iva: irresponsible.

ne-rezist-ebla: irresistible.

nerv-o: nerve; -aro: nervous system; -ala: nervous: relating to the nerves; -oza, -oz(ul)o: nervous (person); -oz-eso: nervousness; -oz-igar: to excite the nerves of (ulu); -oz-eskar: to grow, become nervous; sen- -igar: to unnerve. — DEFIRS

nervaturo: (bot., ent.) nervure. — IS

ne-san-ig-ebla: (of persons) incurable (cf. ne-remedi-ebla).

ne-satur-ebla: insatiable.

ne-sav-ar: (tr.) to be ignorant of, not to know (ulo); -o: ignorance (of a fact; cf. nul-savo); -ante: unwittingly, unknowingly.

ne-sek-ebla: indivisible.

ne-sekura: insecure, unsafe.

ne-sent-iva: insensitive, unfeeling, impassive; -eble: insensibly, imperceptibly.

ne-separ-ebla: inseparable.

ne-serioz-a: superficial (mind) not dangerous (wound, etc.) (cf. ne-profunda, surfac-ala).

ne-shancel-ig-ebla: (lit. and fig.) unshakable, immovable, resolute, steady, firm.

ne-shirm-ata: unscreened, unsheltered, open.

ne-signifik-o: insignificance (cf. sen-signifika, sen-importa, sen valora).

ne-skrupul-oza: unscrupulous.

ne-sobr-a: intemperate (in eating and drinking) (cf. ne-moderata, ne-diskreta).

ne-soci-ema: unsociable.

ne-solv-ebla: insoluble (problem, etc.).

ne-sond-ebla; (lit. and fig.) unfathomable.

ne-sonor-a: dull, hollow, toneless, muffled (cf. matida).

ne-sorg-ema: inattentive, heedless, unmindful, negligent.

nest-o: (also fig.) (bird-) nest; -ifar: to build a nest. — DE

ne-submers-ebla: unsinkable.

ne-submis-ita: unsubdued.

ne-suces-o: non-success, failure.

ne-suci-ema: careless, unsolicitous.

ne-sufic-anta: insufficient, inadequate.

ne-susten-ebla: insupportable, indefensible, untenable.

net-a: clean, spotless, neat, tidy, natty: without spot, stain, blot, impurity; (of price) net (cf. sen-tara); -igar: to clean, cleanse; -e kopiar: to make a fair copy of. Ex.: Neta aquo, plado, denti, manui, (fig.) koncienco. Ant.: sordida, ne-neta (cf. pura). — EFIS

ne-toler-anta, -ema: intolerant; -ebla: intolerable, insupportable, unbearable, insufferable.

ne-traduk-ebla: untranslatable.

ne-tra-ir-ebla: impassable.

ne-tranquil-a: (phys., mental) untranquil, unquiet, unagitated, uneasy, restless.

ne-transakt-ema:
intransigent, (esp. in politics: refusing compromise); irreconcilable, uncompromising.

ne-transit-iva: (gram.) intransitive.

ne-tush-ita: untouched, intact; -ebla: untouchable, intangible.

neuron-o: (anat.) neurone.

ne-util-a: useless, needless.

neutr-a: (all senses) neutral, neuter; (la) -o: (gram.) a neuter; (la) -i: (polit.) the neutral powers; -eso: neutrality; -igar: to neutralize (cf. equalibrar, kompensar). Ex.: Neutra vorto, sexuo, naciono, persono, (chem.) salo. — DEFIRS

neutrin-o: (2001) neutrino. — DEFIRS

neutron-o: (2001) neutron. — DEFIRS

ne-uz-(ad)o: disuse; -ata, -ita: unused, not in use, unutilized, obsolete.

nev-o, -ulo, -ino: nephew, niece; po-nev-ulo: grandnephew.

ne-valid-a: invalid; -igar: to invalidate, void, vitiate.

ne-vari-anta, -ebla, -iva: invariable, unchangeable, unalterable.

neve-o: neve (glacial snow). — EFIS

ne-vend-ebla: unsalable; -ita: unsold, la ne-vend-it-aji: goods unsold.

ne-ver-simil-a: unlikely, improbable, not plausible (cf. ne-probabla).

ne-vid-ebla: invisible; -ita: unseen, unperceived.

ne-vink-ebla: unconquerable, invincible, insuperable, insurmountable, overwhelming; -ita: unvanquished.

ne-violac-ebla: inviolable; -ata, -ita: inviolate.

ne-vol-ata, -ita: involuntary (cf. sen-vola), unwilled.

ne-volunt-a: unwilling.

nevralgi-o: neuralgia. — DEFIRS

nevrasteni-o: (med.) neurasthenia. — DEF

nevrit-o: (med.) neuritis. — DEF

nevrologi-o: neurology. — DEFIS

nevropter-o: (ent.) neuropteran. — DEFIS

nevros-o: (med.) neurosis; -ika, -iko: neurotic (person). — DEFIRS

ne-vund-ebla: invulnerable.

nevus-o: nævus: pigmented place on skin, usually congenital; birthmark, mole; -o flamea: burnt mark, scar of burn. — DEF

next-a: next. — DE

ne-yust-a: unjust, unlawful, unrighteous, unfair (cf. ne-justa).

ne-zel-oza:
lukewarm.

ni: we, us (a ni, nin); -a: our(s) «Nia Patro»: the Lord’s Prayer (cf. note under on). — FIS

nich-o: (arch.) niche, nook: recess in a wall (as for a statue or a bed) — DEFIS

niel-o: niello: a black enamel. — DEFIS

NIFO*: ne-identigita fluganta objekto: UFO, unidentified flying object.

nigel-o: (bot.) nigella: fennel-flower (genus: Nigella). — EFISL

nigr-a: black (cf. obskura); -o: black, the colo(u)r itself (cf. negro); -eso: (quality) blackness; -igar: to blacken, smut; -eskar: to turn black. Ant.: blanka. — EFIS

nihil-o: naught, nothing, something non-existent, nonenity (cf. nulo); -a: void; -eso: nothingness, inexistence, nihility; -ajo: a nullity; -igar; -eskar: (jur.) to annul, become void; to rescind, cancel; -ig-ebla: voidable; -ismo: nihilism; -ist-o, -a: nihilist(ic); -eso di grandeso homala: nothingness of human greatness. V. exp: Destruktar, nihil-igar: por la destrukto materiala e kontreyura di dokumento, ni havas la verbo: destruktar. Do ni darfas rezervar nihiligar a la yurala senco (igar tote ne-valida o sen-valora). Remarkez, ke propre dicite on povas nihiligar nulo materiale, pro ke la materio esas permananta; on povas nur destruktar (quaze des-konstruktar) la material objekti; VI-537.

nikel-o: (metal.) nickel; -izar: to nickel-plate (ulo). — DE

nikelin-o:
nickeline; niccolite.

nikotin-o: nicotine. — DEFIRS

niktalop-a: (med.) nyctalopic: part blind by day; -eso: nyctalopia: day blindness. — DEFIRS

niktropism-o: (biol.) nyctitropism: assume at or just before nightfall positions unlike those maintained during the day, as the leaves or flowers of certain plants.

nilgau-o: (zool.) nilgai, nilgau: Indian antelope (boselaphus tragocamelus).

nimb-o: (meteor.) nimbus: a large rain-cloud of uniform greyness (N.B. not halo; cf. aureolo). — DEFIS

nimf-o: (myth.) nymph. — DEFIRS

nipel-o: (tech.) nipple. Def.: Interna junto-tubeto kun filetoza extremaji. — DE

«nirvana»: (Buddhism) Nirvana.

nitr-o: (chem.) nitrogen, azote (cf. azoto); -ato: nitrate; -at-acido: nitric acid; -ido: nitride; -ito: nitrite.

niuz-o*: (tech.) news. — E

niv-ar: (impers.) to snow; -eskar: to commence to snow; -oza, -atra, -ea: snowy; -o bulo: snowball; -floko: snowflake; -ea barbo: snow-white beard. — IS

nivel-o: level: horizontal surface (cf. plano, plata); -izar: to measure the level of, to find the height of (by a surveyor’s level); -iz-ilo: level instrument which shows the level. — DFIRS

niveol-o: (bot.) snow-drop (Galanthus nivalis). — F

nix-o, -ulo, -ino: (myth.) nix, water sprite, undine. — DE

no: (interj.) no! Ant. yes. — EFIS

nobel-a: noble (by birth); -o, -ulo, -ino: a noble; -aro: nobility (collect.) –eso: (rank) nobility; -igar: to ennoble: raise to nobility (ulu). V. exp.: Nobela, nobla: La nobeli esas sociala klaso, qua formacesis per la reputeso heredita de la ancestri da la decendanti. Nobleso esas etikal traito. Nobelo tote ne bezonas esar nobla, ed inverse nobla homo ne bezonas esar nobela. — DEFIS

nobl-a: noble (morally); -eso: nobility (of character); -igar: to ennoble: to make noble. V. exp.: vid. nobela. Ant.: abjekta, vulgara, infama. — DEFIS

noc-ar: (tr.) to harm, injure, hurt, wrong, be injurious (ulu, ulo); -eso: (state) damage; -iva: noxious, nocive, harmful, detrimental. V.exp.: vid. detrimentar. — EFI

noch-o: notch, nick, dent, indentation; -izar: to notch, dent. Def.: V-forma dentizuro (quale en flecho, dento-roto; l’intervalo o lakuno inter du denti di ingranajo, do l’inverso di dento; (kp. III-142). Mikra kavajo produktita per instrumento o frapo. — F

nocion-o: notion. Def.: Ideo quan on havas pri ulo. Ex. La koncienco direte donas al homo nociono pri la bono e lo mala. Il donos a vu nociono pri ca afero. — DEFIS

nod-o: knot (in thread, cord, rope, etc.); (nav.) knot: nautical mile: 6080.27 ft., 1852 meters (metres); -igar: to tie a knot in (ulo); -ifar: to knot: produce knots; -o Gordiala: Gordian knot. — FIS

nokt-ar: (impers.) to be night; -as: it is night; -eskar: night is coming on; -ala: nocturnal. (ye) -esko: (at) nightfall; -o: night (cf. tenebro, obskuro); -o-mezo: midnight; -o-vag-anto, -ero: night prowler; -o-vazo: chamber-pot; -o-lampo, -bujio: night-light; nokto-marvelo: (bot.) marvel of Peru (Mirabilis). — DEFIRS

noktiluk-o: (zool.) noctiluca (genus: Noctiluca). — EFISL

noktu-o: (orni.) white owl, barn-owl (Noctua) (cf. IV-296).

nokturn-o: (mus.) nocturne. — DEFIRS

nom-ar: (tr.) to name: call (ulu) by name, to say the name of (ulu); -esar: to be named, to be called; -o: name; (gram.) noun; -izar: to name: give a name to (ulo); -iz-o, -uro: naming; appelation; -izado: nomenclature (cf. nomenklaturo); -e: namely (viz.); bapto- -o: Christian name; pre- -o: first name; ye la -o di: in the name of; ye mea -o (vice me): in my name; propra -o: own name; proper noun; sen- -a: nameless. Def.: Dicar, lektar o pensar la nomo; «nom-izar» esas donar nomo (nova); IV-164. Ex.: Ka vu nomas ta persono? La persono nomesas S.X. Lua gepatri nomizis il Jean X. (gram.) Propra, komuna nomo; nomo-substantivo; nom-adjektivo. — DEFIS

nomad-(ulo), -a:.nomad(ic). — DEFIRS

nombr-o: (cardinal) number, numeral (i.e. numbers used in simple counting: 1, 2, 3, etc., cf. numero); (gram.) number; -izar: to give numbers to; to count, take census of; -o prima: prime number; -ala: numerical; granda- -a: numerous; sen- -a: numberless (cf. ne-kont-ebla). — EFIS

nomenklatur-o: nomenclature. — DEFIRS

nomin-ar: (tr.) to nominate: to name as a canditate for election or appointment to an office or title; -o, -eso: (act. condition) nomination, appointment, designation; -ala: (of price, value) nominal; -anto, -ero: nominator, presenter; -ato, -ario: nominee; -al-ismo: (philos.) nominalism. — EFIS

nominativ-o: (gram.) nominative. — DEFIS

nomografi-o: nomography.

non: nine; -o: the ninth; -esma, -esmo: (ordinal) ninth, (rel.) novena (nine days devotion); -imo: (fraction) a ninth part; -opla: ninefold; -a-dek-yara, -o: nonogenarian; -a-dek: ninety (cf. du).

nona-: (scient. prefix) having nine...

noniliono: (math.) 1054.

nopal-o: (bot.) nopal, Indian-fig, cochineal-tree (Opuntia coccinellifera). — DEFIRS

nord-o: north; -ala: northern; -e: northerly, in the north (with movement: ad –e); -esto: north-east. — DEFIRS

nori-o: noria: a machine for raising water by buckets on an endless chain. — DEF

norm-o: norm: authoritative standard or model; -a: of or constituting a norm, rule, or principle; -ala: ordinary, regular, normal: relating to an authoritative standard, as in speaking of health, etc.; (goem.) -ala, -alo: normal: perpendicular to a tangent; -igar: to establish (ulo) as a norm, to make a standard of (ulo); -izar: to furnish with a standard, norm; -al-igar: to standardize; to seal (weights, measures); pezo- -o: standard of weights. V. exp.: Regulo esas precepto o preskripto generala, enuncita per vorti. Normo esas kozo konkreta, qua servas quale modelo o tipo a qua on komparas la ceteri por evaluar lia justeso; III-410. — DEFIRS

nostalgi-o:
nostalgia, homesickness. — EFIRS

nostok-o: (bot.) nostoc: a plant of blue-green algæ (genus: Nostoc). — DEFS

not-ar: (tr.) to note down, set down in writing, make memo of (cf. remarkar); -izar: to annotate, make notes in (a book); (mus.) to write down the notes; (N.B. on notas remarki en libro; on notizas libro per remarki; cf. Talmey’s Text Book, p. 109); -o: noting; note, mark, memo, minute (to assist the memory); (mus.) note (written or sounded); (diplom.) note; -iz(ad)o, -izuro: annotation, notation (musical, chemical, etc.); inventory; -iz-iva: annotative; -iz-anto, -ero: annotator; -libr-eto: memorandum book (cf. posh-kayero); -o-referi: reference marks (signs, numbers), etc.). — DEFIRS

notari-o: notary (public); koram -o: in the presence of a notary. — DEFIRS

notic-o: (short) notice, note, or account (instructive or informative as on bottle labels, or in a museum, etc.); -o biografiala: biographical sketch. Def.: Nelonga skribajo instruktiva o informiva pri partikulara temo od objektivo; III-204. V. exp.: avizo. — DEFIS

notifik-ar: (tr.) to notify (formally), give notice of (ulo, ad ulu). V. exp.: sav-igar. — DEFIS

notor-a: manifest, well-known, known generally, notorious (N.B. but not in a bad sense); -eso: notoriety, notoriousness. — DEFIRS

nov-a: (of things) new, novel; (of persons) new (in service, office); -(ul)o: a newcomer; -ajo: a new thing, novelty; -e: newly , freshly (cf. recente); -e nask-into: a new-born child; -yaro, -a: New Year; -igar: to innovate (ulo) (intr.: enduktar novajo); -ig-anto, -ero: innovator; V. exp.: vid. anciena. — DEFIRS

novel-o: short story, novelette; -isto: short-story writer. V. exp.: Romano esas generale libro kontenanta fingita historio di un o plura personi. Novelo signifikas nur rakonto de kelka pagini, qua havas la naturo di romano, ma esas romano tre kurta, tam per l’ampleso kam per la duro (generale on rakontas nur aventuro, epizodo, fakto); IV-291-2. — DEFIRS

novembr-o: November. — DEFIRS

novic-(ul)o: novice, probationer, tyro, neophyte, apprentice; -a: (fig.) novice: inexperienced, green, raw (of persons); -eso: novitiate, probationship. — DEFIS

nu: (interj.) well! now then! come now! well now! — DR

nuanc-o: nuance: a slight shade, gradation, as of tone, colo(u)r, meaning, etc.; -oza: full of shades, tints, slight gradations or distinctions; -izar: to shade, variegate, express the nuances; la -i inter sinonimi: the shades of difference between synonyms. — DEFR

nub-o: cloud; (fig.) gloom, darkness, shadow; -aro: (a mass of) clouds; -oza: cloudy, nubilous; -izar: to cloud, cover with clouds. — eIS

nuc-o: a walnut; (fig.) nut: any hard shell enclosing a kernel; -iero: (wal)nut tree; -ier-ligno: walnut (wood); -rupt-ilo: nut-cracker.

nucel-o: (biol.) nucellus.

nud-a: nude, naked, bare; -igar: to strip, undress, lay bare, denude; -kapa: bare-headed; -peda: bare-footed; lo -a: (abstract) the nude. — EFIS

nudl-o, -i: noodle(s), ribbon vemicelli, spaghetti. — DE

nugat-o: nougat, a kind of almond cake. — EF

nuk-o: nape of the neck; -umo, -kovr-ilo: neck-covering, -flap (as to protect against sun or rain); (fig.) muffler. Def.: Nuk-umo esas acesoro o peco di kasqueto; IV-337. — FIS

nukle-o: (biol.) nucleus. — EFS

nuklein-o: (biol.) nuclein. — DEFIS

nukleol-o: (biol.) nucleolus.

nukleoplasm-o: (biol.) nucleoplasm.

nul-a: no, not any, none; -e, -maniere: nowise, in no way, not at all; -o: nothing; (interj.) no use! no go! not a bit of it! -u: no one, nobody; -ajo: nullity (cf. nihilo); -o pluse: nothing more; -kaze: in no case; -loke: nowhere; -tempe: never; -ag-anta, -ema; -fac-anta, -emo: do-nothing, idle (person) (cf. indolenta); -savanta: ignorant; (cf. ne-savo); -valor-anta: of no value, worthless, invalid. Ant.: kelka: — EFI

numer-o: (ordinal) number (i.e. indicative of order or succession; as 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.); -ala: numerical (order); -izar: to give successive numbers (to houses, journals, etc.). — DEFIRS

numerator-o: (arith.) numerator. — EFIS

numismatik-o: numismatics. — DEFIRS

numulari-o: (bot.) moneywort (Lysimachia Nummularia). — FIS

numulit-o: (paleon.) nummulite. — DEFIS

nun: (adv.) now, at present, at this time; -a: (time) present, actual, current, now occurring (cf. prezenta); -tempa: present day, time; -tempe: at the present time; -a stando: the existing condition, status quo; -a evento: a present, current event; nun kande: now when, now that (N.B. not nun ke). Ex.: Me lernas nun la internaciona linguo. Nun kande il venis, ni iros. — D

nunci-o: (Pope’s) nuncio. — DEFIRS

nupcial-a: nuptial.

nur: (adv.) only; -a: indicates exclusion (of all else) only, sole (cf. sola, unika); ne nur: not only; se nur: if only, providing that; nur ed unike: purely and simply. Ex.: Nur l’amo inspiras il. Il drinkas nur vino. Me donas ol a vu, se nur vu venos. Il nura (od, sola) esas kulpoza. — D

nutac-o: (astron., plant physiol.) nutation; -ar: to exhibit or undergo nutation. — DEFIS

nutr-ar: (tr.) to nourish, feed, sustain (ulu) (cf. alimentar, alaktar); -(ad)o: nourishing, nutrition, sustenance; -anta, -iva: nourishing, nutritive, nutritious; -iv-aro; -iv-gan-ilo: (means of) subsistence, (fig.) livelihood, living. Ex.: Nutrar la familio. La sango nutras la korpo. Nutriva dieto. — EFIS