English-Ido Dictionary : V

vacancy: (emptiness, also of thought) vaku-o, -eso; (gap) lakuno, vaku-ajo; (without incumbent or occupier) vako; loko, domo vak-anta; (free time) libera tempo.

vacant: (void, blank) vakua; (houses, positions, places) vak-anta; (free) libera; to be v.: (intr.) vakar; to fall v.: vak-eskar.

vacate: (house, official position, etc.) vak-igar, lasar (ulo) vak-anta; (resign, give up seat) (intr.) demisionar (cf. abdikar); (annul) nihil-igar, abolisar; (war position) livar, abandonar, retretar (de).

vacation: (time) vakanc-o, (one day) -o-dio; to have a v., to be on a v.: (intr.) -ar.

vaccinate: vacin-izar (ulu).

vaccination: vacin-iz-(ad)o.

vaccine: (virus) vacin-serumo.

vacillate: (intr.) vacil-ar; -ting: -anta; hezit-anta, -ema.

vacuity: (state) vaku-eso, (space) -ajo, -o; (stupidity) (cf. van-eso, frivol-eso).

vacuole: vakuolo.

vacuum: vaku-o; to produce a v.: -ifar (en); v. cleaner: -o-net-ig-ilo; v. gauge: vakuometro, manometro.

vade-mecum: «vade mecum».

vagabond: vag-anto, -ero, -emo; (adj.) -anta, -era, -ema (cf. mendik-isto).

vagary: kaprico.

vagina: vagin-o; -l: -ala; (slang) «yoni», muslo, kunio*, groto.

vagrancy: vag-ado (sen honesta vivo-moyeni).

vagrant: vag-anta; (person) -anto, -ero, -emo (sen (honesta) vivo-moyeni).

vague: konfuza, ne-preciza, ne-definita, ne-fixa, sen-limita.

vain: (futile, fruitless) vana; (vanity) vanit-oza (cf. lux-oza, ostent-ema, frivola, fatua); in v.: vane, ne-utile; to take in v.: uzar profane, frivole; -ness: van-eso, ne-util-eso; vanitato, superb-eso.

vainglorius: fanfaron-ema, -anta (cf. rodomonto); vanitat-oza, -ema; pomp-oz-acha.

valance: drapir-ajo, pend-anta franjo o bord-umo.

vale: val-(et)o.

valediction: adio-(diskurso).

valence: (chem.) valenco.

valency: valenc-eso.

valerian: (bot.) valerian-o; v. acid: -acido.

valerianella: valerianelo.

valet: person-ala servist-(ul)o, chambr-ist-ulo.

valetudinerian: malad-emo, -atro; infirm-(ul)o.

valiant: brava, proda, kuraj-oza; vigor-oza.

valid: valid-a; -ate: -igar; -ity: -eso.

valise: valizo.

vallation:
cirkonvalaciono.

valley: valo.

valo(u)r: brav-eso, (act) -ajo; -ous: brava.

valse: (intr.) valsar.

valuable: valor-oza; prec-oza; (in price) chera.

valuables: valor-aji, prec-oza kozi.

valuation:
evalu-(ad)o.

value: valoro; (price) preco; (fig.) importo; (v.) evaluar (ulo, ye) (cf. taxar, expertizar); (esteem) estimar, prizar.

valued: evalu-ita (da); priz-ita; prec-oza, valor-oza.

valueless: sen-valora; ne-utila.

valuer:
evalu-anto, -ero, -isto (cf. expertiz-isto).

valve: valvo (cf. klapo); safety v.: sekur-es-valvo.

vamp: supra ledro-preco (di shuo).

vampire: (also fig.) vampiro.

van: (in front) avane; (milit.) avan-guardo, -trupo; (naval) avan-eskadro; (railway carriage) vagono; (vehicle) charioto tekt-iz-ita, furgono; furniture v.: furgono por moblo-transporto; moblo-furgono; luggage v.: bagajo-furgono; to be in the v.: esar ye l’avano; duktar (en kombato).

vanadium: vanado.

vandal: vandal-a, -(ul)o; -ism: (spirit, act) -eso, -ajo.

vane: (weathercock) vent-indik-ilo, vent-flecho, -flago; (in mathematical instruments) dioptro; (blade of paddle-wheel, etc.) paleto.

vanguard: avan-guardo.

vanilla: vanilo.

vanish: (intr.) des-aparar; (to make off) (intr.) fugar, for-kurar, for-irar; -ing point: des-aparo-punto; -ed: des-apar-inta.

vanity: (vainness of a project, etc.) van-eso; (vain act, wish) -ajo; (self conceit) vanitato (cf. superb-eso); v. of vanities: van-eso di van-aji; to speak without v.: parolar sen laudar me, sen fanfaronar; full of v.: vanitat-oza.

vanquish: vinkar (cf. domtar).

vapid: insipida, sen-sapora.

vaporize: (tr.) vapor-igar (ulo); (intr.) -eskar.

vaporous:
vapor-oza, -atra.

vapo(u)r: vaporo; -izer: vapor-ig-ilo.

variable: vari-ema, -ebla, -iva; (changing) chanj-iva, -ebla, -ema; (n.) vari-anto, -eblo.

variance, at: des-konkord-anta.

variant: vari-anto, -eblo.

variation: vari-(ad)o; chanjo; (zool., bot.) varietato; (magnetic needle) deklino.

varicella: varicelo.

varicose: varik-a, -oza, -atra; v. vein: -o.

varied: vari-ata, -ita; -anta, -inta; chanj-anta, -ita; (diverse) diversa; difer-anta, mult-speca.

variegate: (tr., intr.) variar, divers-igar; nuanc-izar, variar la nuanci; (in colo(u)rs) bunt-igar.

variety:
(variation) vari-(ad)o, -eso; (diversity) divers-eso; (zool., bot.) varietato; (collection) kolekt-uro, nombro, quanto; (of different sorts) sort-aro, asort-o, -ajo; (a kind) sorto, speco; twenty v.s: dua-dek diversa, difer-anta sorti; a great v. of things: granda divers-eso di kozi, multa diversa o difer-anta kozi; v. theatre, theater: vodevil-teatro.

variola: variolo.

various: (many of same kind) diversa; (variant) vari-anta; (differing in kind) difer-anta; divers-speca, mult-sorta; -ly: diverse, altre.

varix: variko.

varlet: (page) pajo; (scoundrel) raskalo; kanali-(ul)o.

varnish: vernis-o, -izar.

vary: (in quantity or intensity) (tr., intr.) variar (cf. deviacar, divergar); (differ) (intr.) diferar; (change in kind) (tr., intr.) chanjar; -ing: vari-anta, -ema; chanj-anta; ne-konstanta (cf. alterar).

vascular: vaskul-ala; v. system: -aro.

vase: vazo (cf. kalico).

vaseline: vazelino.

vassal: vasal-a, -(ul)o; -age: -eso.

vast: vasta; -ly: vaste, grand-ege, extreme; -ness: vast-eso, imens-eso.

vat: (open) kuv-ego (cf. trogo); (closed) tanko.

vaticination: pre-dic-(ad)o.

vaudeville: vodevilo.

vault: (leap) (intr.) saltar (intr.) voltijar, (intr.) springar; -ed: (arched) vult-iz-ita.

vault:
(arched chamber) vulto; (crypt) kripto; (of acrobats) voltijo; (leap) salto, springo.

vaunt: laudar (ulu, ulo), -ar su pri ulo; (brag) (intr.) fanfaronar.

veal: (meat) karno di bov-yuno, bov-yun karno.

vector:
vektoro.

vedette:
vedeto.

veer: chanjar (sua sinso); turnar (de); v. round: (gyrate, tack about) (intr.) jir-ar, (tr.) -igar (navo, e.c.); v. in opinion: chanjar (sua) opiniono.

vegetable: vejet-ala, plant-ala, lagum-a, -ala; (n.) vejet-anto, -ivo; (plant) planto; (esp. as article of food) legumo.

vegetarian: (person) vejetar-anta, -ant(ul)o; (diet, etc.) -ala; to be a v.: (intr.) -ar; -ism: -ado, -ismo.

vegetate: (intr.) vejet-(ad)ar; kreskar; (lead a dull life) vejetar, viv-etar, -achar.

vegetation:
(action) vejet-(ad)o; (plants in general) vejet-ant-aro; plant-aro.

vegetative: vejet-ala, -iva.

vehemence: impetu-o, -em-eso, petul-oz-eso; violent-em-eso; (mechan.) energio, forco; (fig.) ardoro, fervoro, pasiono; -ment: impetu-oza, -ema.

vehicle: (carriage) veturo; (also fig. as a medium) veh-ilo.

veil: (also fig.) vel-o, -izar; to take the v.: regul-ier-eskar (cf. celar, maskar, envelopar).

vein: (in gen.) vein-o; (bot.) nervaturo, (humo(u)r) humoro; to v.: vein-izar (ulo); -ed: -iz-ita; (natural) -oza.

veldt: stepo.

velite:
velito.

vellum: velin-o, -papero.

velocipede: velocipedo.

velocity: rapid-eso.

velodrome: velodromo.

velure, velour: velur-atr-a, -ajo.

velvet: velur-o; -a, -atra.

velveteen: koton-veluro.

velvety: velur-a, -atra.

venal:
(person) suborn-ebla; -ity: ebl-eso.

venation: nervatur-dis-poz-eso.

vend: vend-ar, debit-ar; -or: -anta, -ero, -isto; -ible: -ebla.

vendetta:
famili-ala venj-ado, «vendetta».

veneer: ligno-plako, ligno-folio; to v.: plak-izar (ulo, per); -ing: plak-iz(ad)o, -iz-uro, -iz-ajo.

venerable: venerac-inda; (aged) ev-oza, grand-eva, olda.

venerate: veneracar.

venereal:
(relating to disease) venerala; (afflicted with disease) -ika.

venereology: venereologio.

venesection: vein-sek(ad)o; sango-tir(ad)o.

venetian blind: jelozio; v. shutter: persieno.

vengeance: venjo; out of v.: pro venjo, por venjar; with a v.: impetu-oza, violent-oze; to take v. on: venjar (su, ulu) kontre ulu (pri ulo).

vengeful: venj-ema, -avida; -ness: -em-eso.

venial: (of sins) veniala, (gen.) pardon-ebla; -ity: venial-eso.

venison: (deer meat) cervo-karno.

venom: (also fig.) venen-o; -ed: -oza, -iz-ita.

venous:
(relating) vein-ala; (full of) -oza; v. system: -aro.

vent: donar ek-iro, lasar eskapar (ek, de), emisar (ulo), liber-igar.

vent: ek-ir-eyo, pas-eyo, apert-uro, (aero-)truo.

ventilate: (air) ventilar, aer-izar; (opinions) expozar, prizent-ar, publik-igar (ulo); -tion: ventil-(ad)o, aer-iz-(ad)o.

ventilator: ventilatoro, ventil-ilo, -tubo.

ventral: ventr-ala.

ventricle: ventrikulo.

ventriloquism: ventro-parol-ado, -arto; -quist: ventro-parol-anto, -ero; (adj.) -iva; -quize: (intr.) -ar.

venture:
riskar (ulo, su); (seek adventures) (intr.) (speculate) spekular (pri); I v. to say: me ne hezitas dicar, me audacas dicar; to v. on, at, upon: riskar (ulo) (cf. entraprezar).

venturesome: (person) aventur-ema; risk-ema; audac-oza; (life, act) aventur-oza, risk-oza.

venue, to change the:
chanjar judici-ala resortiso o tribunalo.

Venus: (planet, goddess) «Venus».

veracious: ver-dic-anta, -ema; vera.

veracity: ver-dic-em-eso, ver-dic-(ad)o; kred-ind-eso; (truth) ver-eso.

veranda(h): verando.

verb: verbo.

verbal: (relating to verbs) verb-ala; (being spoken words) parola, voc-a, -ala; (relating to words) vort-ala; (word for word) vort-opa, liter-ala; v. promise: parola promiso; v. memory: vort-ala memor-(ad)o; v. translation: traduk-(ur)o vort-opa; v. noun: verb-ala substantivo (cf. gerundio); -ly: voce, parole, per la voco; -ize: verb-igar.

verbatim: vort-opa, -ope; liter-ala.

verbena: verbeno.

verbiage: parol-(ach)ado, -oz-eso, prolix-eso.

verbose: prolixa, parol-ema, -oza, mult-vorta; -sity: prolix-eso, parol-em-eso, -oz-eso, -abundo.

verdant: verd-a, -aspekta (cf. fresha; herb-oza; flor-oza); (fig.) novica, simpla, kred-ema.

verde-antique: patino.

verdict: verdikto; (fig.) decido; to bring in, render a v.: facar verdikto.

verdigris: verdigriso (cf. patino).

verdure: verd-ajo, -eso, -aji; vejet-ant-aro.

verge: (border) bordo; on the v. of ruin: proxim ruino, ruin-esk-anta, inklin-anta a ruin-eso, proxim-esk-anta a ruin-eso; to v. on: proxim-eskar ad; (prep.) proxim; ye pento o bordo o extrem-ajo.

verger:
(sacristan) sakristo.

veridical:
ver-dic-anta, -ema (cf. verifik-ita).

verifiable: verifik-ebla, pruv-ebla.

verification: verifik-(ad)o.

verify: verifikar (cf. pruvar, konstatar, konfirmar, ver-igar).

verily: vere, certe, reale.

veritable:
vera; (real) reala; (genuine) autentika.

verity:
(quality) ver-eso; (thing, as “the verities”) -ajo (cf. real-eso, fakto); of a v.: vere, reale.

verjuice: verjuso.

vermicelli:
vermicelo.

vermicide: ver-mort-ig-ivo (see vermifuge).

vermicular: verm-ala; -forma, -atra.

vermiform appendix: verm-atra, -forma apendico.

vermifuge: anti-vermo; (adj.) kontre-verma.

vermilion: (n.) cinabr-o; (adj.) cinabro-red-a, -ea; (v.) -izar.

vermin: (insects) insekt-(ach)i, -aro, parazit-i, -aro; (animals) besti-et-achi; (canaille) kanali-aro, -i; v. killer: insekt-ocid-ivo, -ilo; -ous: insekt-oza.

vermouth: vermuto.

vernacular: nacion-ala o patri-ala linguo; lok-ala idiomo.

vernal: printemp-ala; (fig.) yun-es-ala.

vernier: verniero.

veronica: veroniko.

versatile: (of persons) habila, plur-arta; adapt-ebla; vari-ema.

verse: (rhythmic assembly of words, also of Bible) verso; (poetry in general) poezio; (piece of poetry) vers-ajo, -aro; poem-(et)o, poezi-ajo; (division of a poem) stanco, strofo; (stanza in song) kupleto; blank v.: sen-rima versi; a poem of six v.s each of two rhymed couplets: poemo di sis strofi, singla strofo di du rim-iz-ita verso-pari; a song with three v.s and chorus: konsono kun tri kupleti e refreno; to give chapter and v.: citar omna detali (autentika).

versed: experta, erudita (pri).

versification:
vers-if(ad)o, -ig(ad)o; (art) -if-arto; (prosody) metriko.

versify: (make verses) vers-ifar; (turn in to verse) -igar (ulo), expresar (ulo) per versi.

versimilar: ver-simila; (probable) probabla.

versimilitude: (quality) ver-simil-eso, (thing) -ajo.

version: (manner of relating a fact) versiono; (translation) traduk-o, -uro.

vertebra: vertebr-o; -l; -ala, -l column: spino; -te: -oza, -ozo; -ta: ozi, -oz-aro.

vertex: vertico (cf. somito, zenito).

vertical: vertikal-a; -ness: -eso.

vertiginous: (sensation) vertij-anta; (of heights, etc.) vertij-ig-anta, -iva.

vertigo: vertij-o; to suffer from v.: (intr.) -ar, -eskar.

vervain: verbeno (sovaja).

verve: vervo.

very: (adv.) tre (cf. tante, ya); very many: tre multa; v. happy: tre felica; I am so v. happy that: me esas tante felica, ke; so v. good: tante bon-ega; v. well: bone!; (well now) nu!; it is the v. same book: ol esas absolute (o ya) la sama libro; (the identical copy) ol esas la identa libro; on the v. same day: ye la sama dio; the v. best: la maxim bona.

very: (adj.) (real, true) vera, reala; (absolute) absoluta; (even) mem; (same) sama, ipsa, unika; the v. man: la hom(ul)o ipsa; (the only man) la unika homo; on the v. day: ye la (tote) sama dio; this is the v. reason: to esas (ya) la (vera o reala) motivo; the v. thought makes me shudder: mem la penso (la penso ipsa, la nura penso) igas me fremisar; the v. walls have ears: mem la muri havas oreli.

vesicate: vezik-igar, -eskar, -ifar.

vesicatory: vezikatorio.

vesicle: vezik-eto (cf. ampulo, pustulo).

vesper: vesper-a, -ala; vespers: (rel.) vesperi, vesper-ala oficio.

vessel: (receptacle) vazo, konten-ilo, recev-uyo, kolekt-uyo; (anat., biol.) vaskulo; (ship) navo; war-v.: milit-navo; merchant v.: komerco-, var-navo.

vest: (clothe) vest-izar; (invest) investar; to be v.ed in: apartenar ad; v.ed rights: yuri grant-ita, establis-ita, atribut-ita, aquir-ita, leg-ala.

vest: (waistcoat) jileto (cf. vestio); (camisole) kamizolo.

vestal: virg-a, -in-ala; v. virgin: vestalo.

vestibule: vestibulo (cf. avan-chambro; koridoro).

vestige: traco; (remains) rest-ajo.

vestment: vesto (sacerdot-ala, e.c.).

vestry: sakrist-io; (meeting) asemblo di parok-i-ala konsilo; (church elders) presbiterio; v.man: presbiteri-ano.

vesture: vest-o, -aro.

vetch: vecho.

veteran: veterano.

veterinary: veterinar-ala; -surgeon: -o.

vetiver: vetivero.

veto: vet-ar (cf. interdiktar); (n.) -o.

vex: vexar, irac-(et)igar (ulu); despit-igar (ulu); (be vexed) despitar (da), vex-esar (pri, pro); (pester) molestar; -ation: (act) vex-(ad)o, (state) -eso, despito; (thing) vex-ajo, irit-ajo, -ivo; -atious: vex-anta, -iva, enoy-ig-anta, despit-ig-anta; -ed: vex-ita, despit-anta.

via: tra; per la voyo; v. London: tra London.

viable: viv-kapabla, viv-iva.

viaduct: viadukto.

vial: fialo.

viands: manj-aji; (meats) karni.

viaticum: viatiko.

vibrate: (intr.) vibr-ar, (tr.) -igar (cf. ocilar, vacilar); -tion: (-ad)o; -tory: -ala, -anta.

vibrio: vibriono.

viburnum: viburno.

vicar: vikari-o; (parish priest) paroko; -age: -eso; benifico di vikario o paroko; (house) vikari-eyo; parok-eyo.

vicarious:
(substitute) suple-anta; (delegated) deleg-ata, -ita.

vice: (of character) vicio; (tool) (skrub-) mord-ilo, ten-ilo; (prep. and prefix) vice(-); v. president: vice-prezid-anto.

vice-regal: vic-erej-a, -ala.

viceroy: vice-rejo.

vice versa: inverse, permut-ite.

vicinity:
(situtation) vicin-eso, proxim-eso; (place) vicin-ajo, cirkum-ajo.

vicious: (of conduct) vici-oza; (fierce) feroca (cf. ne-docila); v. circle: (fig.) vici-oza cirklo.

vicissitude: chanj-eso, -em-eso.

victim: viktim-o; -ize: -igar (ulu); (dupe) dup-igar (ulu).

victor: vink-anto, -into; -ious: -anta, -inta, -oza; to be v. over: vinkar (ulu); -y: vinko.

victual: viktuali-izar, (ri-)provizar (armeo, e.c.) per viktualii, per manj-aji; -ler: viktuali-iz-ero, -iz-isto; licensed v.ler: tavern-isto, -estro; licenc-ita vend-isto di alkohol-oza drink-aji.

victuals: manj-aji, nutr-aji, viktuali-o, -i.

vicu(g)na: vikuno.

vidame: vidamo.

videlicet: co esas, (abbr.) c.e.; nome.

vielle: vielo.

vie
(with): (in competition) konkursar (kun ulu pri); rival esar (ad ulu, kun ulu); emul-esar (ad).

view: (look attentively at) regardar; (be a spectator of) spektar; (see) vidar; (consider) konsiderar (ulo); (pay a visit to) vizitar; inspektar.

view: (what is seen) vid-ajo (cf. perspektivo; ceno; spekt-ajo); (act of seeing) vido; (landscape) peizajo; (reach of sight) vido-feldo; (point of view) vid-punto; (opinion) opiniono; (aim, intention) skopo, intenco; (picture) imajo, fotograf-uro, pikt-uro; (perception) percepto; (examination) exameno; bird’s eye v.: ucel-vido; in v.: (of eye) vid-ebla, -eble; percept-ebla; vid-ata; in v. of: pro, pro egardo di; vid-ante; on v.: vid-ebla, expoz-ata; to take a correct v. of: konsiderar, judikar, egardar (ulo) juste o yuste; dissolving v.: fantasmagorio; have in v.: (fig.) havar l’intenco o projeto; havar ulo kom skope; intencar; vizar; to keep in v.: konsiderar, egardar; v.point: vid-punto, vid-maniero, judik-maniero; to have a beautiful v.: havar bela vid-ajo; to keep in v.: regardar (ulu, ulo), egardar; with this end in v.: kun ca intenco, por ta skopo; front v.: facio(-vido).

vigil: (keeping awake, watchfulness) vigil-(ad)o; (eve of a rel. feast day) vigil-o; (devotions) -oficio.

vigilance: vigil-(ad)o, (tendency) -em-eso, atenco.

vigilant:
vigil-anta, -ema; atenc-anta, -ema; sorg-anta, -ema; observ-ema.

vignette:
vinyeto.

vigo(u)r: vigoro (cf. energio, fort-eso); -ous: vigor-oza, energi-oza, forta, ferma.

vile: infam-a, -ig-anta; des-estim-inda; sham-inda; abjekta; nauze-ig-anta; abomin-inda; -ness: infam-eso, des-nobl-eso; abjekt-eso.

vilify: (defame) difamar, kalumniar, denigrar.

villa:
«villa», rur-dom(et)o.

village: vilajo; -r.: -ano.

villain: (scoundrel) krimin-anto, -ero, -emo; kanali-(ul)o; (ancient) serfo, ne-nobel-(ul)o; -ous: infama, krimin-oza, -ema (see vile); -y: (quality) infam-eso, (act) -ajo; sham-ind-ajo, abomin-ind-ajo, kanali-ajo, krimino.

villanelle: vilanelo.

villous: vil-oza.

villosity: vilo; (intestinal) vilozito.

vim: energio, aktiv-eso, vervo, vigoro.

vindicate: justifikar (cf. defensar, mantenar); -tion: justifiko.

vindictive: venj-ema, -avida.

vine (grape): vito; (shoot, runner) sarmento; v. branch: vito-brancho; pampro; v. dresser: vit-kultiv-isto; v. growing: vit-kultiv-(ad)o; v.yard: vit-eyo, -agro.

vinegar: vinagr-o; v. cruet: -uyo; to produce v.: -ifar.

vinery: vito-teplico.

vinyl: vinilo.

vinous: vin-ala, -oza, -atra.

vintage: (produce) vit-rekolt-ajo; the v. of 1901: la vin-rekolto di (la yaro) 1901.

vintager: vit-rekolt-isto, -ero.

vintner: vin-vend-isto; tavern-isto, -estro.

viol: viulo; bass v.: bas-viulo, violoncelo; alto v.: alto; double bass v.: kontrabaso; -ist: viul-isto, (alto player) altisto.

violence: violento, -ado; (great force) fort-eg-eso; (compulsion) koakto; (rape) violaco; (mechanical) forco (cf. furio, impetuo); to do v. to: violentar; to suffer v.: violent-esar (da), subisar violento.

violent: violent-oza, (tendency) -ema; (strong, furious) fort-ega, furi-oza, koakt-anta, intensa, impetu-oza, -ema, pasion-oza; grand-ega, extrema; v. death: violent-ala morto, morto per violento.

violet: (flower) viol-o; (colo(u)r(ed)) -ea, -eo, -koloro.

violin: violin-o; -ist: -(ple-)isto, -ero.

violoncello: violoncelo.

viper: viper-o; -ous: -ala, -atra; (malignant) noc-iva, mal-fac-ema, venen-oza; viper’s grass: skorzonero.

virago: megero; vir-atra hom-ino.

virgilian: Virgili-ala, -atra.

virgin: virg-(in)o; (adj.) -a (also of soil, forests, metal, etc.) (cf. chasta, pura; kruda); -al: -(in)ala; -ity: virgeso, virg-in-eso.

Virginia creeper: ampelopso.

virile: vir-ala, -atra.

virility: vir-eso, -atr-eso (cf. vigoro).

virology: virologio.

virtue, objects of: art-aji, -objekti, -verki, rar-aji.

virtual: virtual-a, -ity: -eso, ajo.

virtue: (moral excellence) vertu-o; (chastity) chast-eso; (efficacy, power) efiko, povo; (excellence) ecelo, super-eso, merito; by v. of: per, pro efiko di, konseque di; in v. whereof: kom dokumento di; the three cardinal v.s: la tri teologala vertui; -less: sen-vertua; sen-merita; sen-efika; sen-valora.

virtuoso: virtuoz-(ul)o; art-experto.

virtuous: vertu-oza; chasta; -ness: vertu-o, -oz-eso.

virulence: virulent-eso; -lent: -a.

virus: (med.) viruso.

visage: vizajo (cf. mieno).

vis-à-vis: (adv.) opoz-ite; (n.) -ito, -it-ajo; (adv.) -ita.

viscera: vicer-i, -aro; -l: -a, -ala.

viscid: viskoz-a; -ity, viscosity: -eso.

viscount:
viskomt-(ul)o; -ship: -eso.

viscous: viskoz-a.

viscus: vicero.

visé: vist-ar, -o.

vise: (instr.) (skrub-) mord-ilo, ten-ilo.

visible:
vid-ebla (cf. percept-ebla, klara); (evident) evidenta; (visitable) vizit-ebla.

vision:
(act of seeing) vid-(ad)o; (faculty) vid-ado, -povo; (apparition) viziono; -ary: -era, -ema; kimera; imagin-ema; (person) vizion-ero, -emo.

visit: vizitar (ulu, ulo) (cf. asistar; frequentar); (of doctors) vidar, inspektar; (Bibl.) ek-varsar (puniso), afliktar, punisar, sendar ulo ad, od aplikar od impozar (puniso); -ing card: vizit-karto; feast of visitation.: visit-festo; to receive v.s: recevar viziti; to make a v. to: vizitar (ulu); to go v.ing: irar por facar viziti; -ing day: vizit-dio; visitor: vizit-anto, -ero, (professional) -isto; inspekt-isto; (guest) gasto.

visor: (of a cap, etc.) viziero (cf. mask-ilo).

vista: perspektiv-o, -ajo; vid-ajo.

visual: vid-ala; v. angle: vid-angulo; v. field: vido-feldo; v. point: vido-punto; v. ray: vido-radio.

visualise: igar vid-ebla; imaginar vidar, imaginar (la vid-ajo, la kozo).

vital: (relating to life) viv-ala; (essential) esenc-a, -ala, import-ant-ega, absolute necesa (por ulo, ulu); v. principle: vivo-principo; v. air: respir-ebla aero, oxigen-oza aero; v. organ, part: organo, parto necesa (por la vivo); v. power, energy: viv-energio, vigoro; v. question: esenc-ala problemo, la problemo (esenc-ale) solv-enda; -ity: vivo-fort-eso, viv-oz-eso, viv-iv-eso.

vitalism: (doctrine) vital-ismo.

vitalize: viv-igar (ulu), -izar (ulo); animar.

vitally:
esenc-ale, absolute, maxim (necesa).

vitals: viv-organi, exenc-ala organi; intestini.

vitamin: vitamino.

vitelline: vitel-ala.

vitellus: vitelo.

vitiate: (taint, also fig.) vici-izar, koruptar; (invalidate) ne-valid-igar, (fig.) vici-izar; v.d air: des-pura o vici-iz-ita o mala aero.

viticulture: vit-kultiv-ado.

vitreous: vitr-a, -ala, -atra, -oza.

vitrify: vitr-igar, -eskar.

vitriol: vitriolo; oil of v.: sulfat-acido.

vitriolic: (fig.) vitriol-atra, kaustika.

vituperate: blam-egar, reproch-egar; insult-egar; -tive: insult-eg-anta.

vivacious:
vivac-a, viv-oza, -ema; anim-ata, -oza.

vivacity:
viv-eso; viv-em-eso; anim-oz-eso.

viva voce: voc-a, -e; parol-a, -e; v. v. examination: parol-ala exameno; v. v. vote: voco-voto.

vivat:
viv-ez! viv-klamo.

vivid: (colo(u)rs, etc.) bril-anta, intensa; (lifelike) viv-simila, natur-ala; pitoreska; (lively) anim-ita, -oza; viv-oza; vivaca; (striking) frapanta.

vivify: viv-igar (ulu); -izar (ulo).

viviparous: vivipara.

vivisect:
viv-dis-sek-ar; -ion: -(ad)o.

vixen:
(female fox) fox-ino; (woman) megero; -ish: meger-ala, -ema, -atra.

viz.:
see videlicet.

vizier:
viziro.

vocable:
vorto (cf. nomo).

vocabulary: vort-aro; (technical) termin-aro; (book) verto-libro; lexiko.

vocal: voc-ala.

vocalist: kant-isto, -ero.

vocalize:
(mus.) vokalizar; (supply with vowels) vokal-izar; (turn into voice) voc-igar; (supply with voice) voc-izar.

vocally: voc-e, -ale; per la voco; parole.

vocation: vok-eso, ad-voko (ad ula profesiono o mestiero), natur-ala impulso od inklin-eso (ad); (occupation) profesiono; mestiero; okupant-ajo.

vocative:
vokativo.

vociferate: klamar, klame enuncar o parolar.

vociferous: klam-anta, -ala, -acha; bruis-anta, -ema.

vodka: vodko.

vogue: modo, favoro; in v.: (fashionable) segun-moda; esar en favoro; out of v.: ek-, exter-moda; to bring into v.: popular-igar (ulo), pozar en favoro.

voice: (public opinion) donar voco (ad), expresar, reflektar, interpretar; (mus.) donar la tono; (consonants) pronuncar voc-oze.

voice: (also gram.) voco; active v.: aktiv-o, -a voco; at the top of one’s v.: laut-ege, maxim laute posible; without a dissentient v.: sen voco (od, voto) kontrea, unanime; with one v.: un-voce, unanime; my v. failed me: mea voco faliis, me ne povis parolar pluse; cracked v.: voco rupto-sona; -less: (of speech and consonants) sen-voca; (of votes) sen-vota; (silent) tac-anta.

void: (empty) vaku-igar (a vessel, etc.); (the contents) evakuar; (emit) emisar, ek-jetar, ek-varsar, ekpulsar; (annul) nihil-igar.

void: (adj.) (empty) vakua (de); (null) nihila, nul-valor-anta, sen-efekta; (free) libera; v.: (tote) sen, libera de; v. of sense: (meaning) sen senco; v. of reason: sen raciono, sen motivo; null and v.: (tote) nihila o nul-valor-anta; to make null and v.: nihil-igar; kasacar; ne-valid-igar.

void: (n.) vaku-ajo, vaku-spaco; (gap) lakuno.

voidable: (of laws, etc.) nihil-ig-ebla; (evacuable) vaku-ig-ebla.

voidance: vaku-ig(ad)o; evaku-(ad)o; ekupulso (de benefico); (evasion) evito.

voidness:
vaku-eso; nihil-eso; ne-valid-eso.

volatile: (in chemistry) volatila; vari-ema, ne-konstanta; (of flying) flug-kapabla; flug-anta; (lively) vivaca; -lity: -eso; -lize: volatil-igar, -eskar; vapor-igar, -eskar.

volcanic: volkan-ala, -atra, -oza.

volcano: volkano.

volition: (act) vol-o, (faculty) -ado.

volley: (intr.) salvear, pafar (ulo) salvee; (tennis) retro-lansar la balon-eto dom olua flugo.

volley:
(of birds) flugo; v. firing: (in saluting) salve-(ad)o; (in battle) salve paf-ado.

volplane: glit-flugar ad-infre; (n.) ad-infra glit-flugo.

volt: (leap aside) (intr.) voltar.

volt: (elec.) volt-o; -age: tenso; -meter: voltmetro.

voltaic: galvan-ala.

volubility: parol-em-eso, parol-ajileso, -rapid-eso; babil-em-eso.

voluble: parol-ema, -ajila, -rapida; babil-ema.

volume: (capacity) volumino (cf. maso); (book) tomo; (of novels, etc.) libro (unesma e.c.); (of voice) fort-eso, povo; that speaks v.s: to expresas (od, signifikas) multo; v.s of smoke: amasi di fum-aro.

volumed:
en multa tomi; a three-v.ed work: verko en tri tomi o libri.

voluminous:
(in size) volumin-oza, granda, ampla, spac-oza, kapaca; (of authors) multa-verka.

voluntary: (not compulsory) volunt-ala (cf. spontana, libera); (optional) segun-vola; (willed, intended) vol-ata, -ita; (relating to the will) vol-ala; -riness: volunt-(es)o; spontan-eso; -rily: vole, volunte, spontane, intence.

voluntary:
(music) (orgeno-) improviz-ajo, preludo, intermezo.

volunteer: (offer to do) ofrar su volunte (facar), propozar su; (as a soldier) engajar su kom voluntario.

volunteer: (esp. milit.) voluntario.

voluptary:
volupt-emo, -ero (cf. deboch-ero; Epikur-ano).

voluptuous: (pleasures) volupt-oza, (person) -ema, -era; -ness: volupt-o, -eso.

volute: (arch.) volut-o; -d: -iz-ita; -a, -oza.

vomer:
vomero.

vomica:
(med.) vomiko; nux-v.: vomik-nuco.

vomic-nut:
vomik-nuco.

vomit: (tr., intr.) vom-ar (cf. ek-jetar; nauzear) ; (what is thrown up) -ajo, (act) -(ad)o; (emetic) vom-ig-ivo, emetiko; as the dog returneth to his v.: quale la hundo ri-venas a sua vom-ajo.

vomitory: (emetic) vom-ig-ivo, emetiko; (of Roman theater, theatre) vomitorio.

voracious:
devor-anta, -ema; manj-eg-ema; avida.

voracity: devor-em-eso.

vortex: vortico.

votary: ador-anto, -ero; partis-ano; (of fashion) sklav-(in)o.

vote: (intr.) votar (por, kontre), (tr.) votar (ulo); (v. into office) elektar (ulu, ek, inter); v. down: vinkar (ulo) per majoritato(-voto); to v. by ballot: votar sekrete o per bilieto o vot-folii; v. by proxy: votar per prokurac-o, -iero (cf. balotar).

vote: (n.) voto; (right to v.) voto-yuro; (paper) voto-folio; voto-bilieto; (resolution) rezolvo, decido; to put to v.: vot-igar (ulo), igar votar pri; to take a v. on: votar pri; a vote of thanks: danko-voto; v. of confidence: voto di fido, fido-voto; v. of no-confidence: voto di des-fido, des fido-voto; to have the v.: havar voto-yuro.

voter: vot-anto, -into, -ero; elekt-anto, -into, -ero.

voting: vot-(ad)o; v. by ballot: sekreta vot-(ad)o, vot-(ad)o per bilieti o vot-folii; v. by second ballot: balot-vot-ado.

votive: vov-ala; v. offering: -ajo.

voucher: (person) garanti-anto, -into; (witness) testo; (person responsible) respons-anto; (document) atest-ilo (skrib-ita), atest-ala o pruv-anta dokumento; cert-ig-ilo, -ajo; (receipt) (recev-) quit-igo-atest-ilo; (ticket) (en-iro-)bilieto, pas-permiso.

vouch for: garantiar; atestar (la vereso, e.c.); responsar (pri ulu, ulo).

vouchsafe: degnar (grantar, permisar, koncesar) (cf. voluntar, komplezar).

vow: (tr., intr.) vovar (ulo ad ulu) (cf. jurar; konsakrar; promisar).

vow: (n.) (act) vov-o, (thing vowed) -ajo (cf. juro-promiso); to take the v.s: facar la monak-ala od ordinac-ala vovi.

vowel:
vokalo; back v.: dors-ala vokalo; nasal v.: nazala vokalo; modified v.: inflex-ita vokalo; oral v.: pura vokalo, bok-ala vokalo; rounded v.: rond-ig-ita vokalo; front v.: avana vokalo; v. gradation: vokal-chanjo, vokal-modifiko; v. modification: inflexo di vokalo.

voyage: (intr.) voyaj-ar; (n.) (mar-)voyajo; -r: -anto, -ero.

vulcanite: ebonito, vulkaniz-ita kauchuko.

vulcanize: vulkanizar.

vulgar: (coarse) mal-gusta, grosiera, ne-polita, vulgar-acha; (common, popular) vulgara, komuna, populara; v. fraction: fraciono (ordinara); v. tongue: linguo o parol-ado vulgara; the v.: (the ordinary run of people) populo, turbo, plebey-aro.

vulgarity, vulgarism:
(quality of commonness) vulgar-eso; (coarseness) grosier-eso; (expression) grosier-ajo, vulgar-ach-ajo, vulgar-acha expreso, slang-(aj)o.

vulgarize: (popularize) vulgar-igar, -eskar.

Vulgate: vulgato.

vulnerability: vun-ebl-eso; atak-ebl-eso; domaj-ebl-eso.

vulnerable: vund-ebla; atak-ebla; domaj-ebla.

vulpine: fox-ala, -atra; (fig.) ruz-oza, -ema.

vulture: vultur-o; -rine: -ala, -atra; rapt-ema.

vulva: vulvo.