English-Ido Dictionary : N

nab: kaptar, sizar; (entrap) atrapar.

nabob: nabobo.

nacarat: nakarato.

nadir: nadiro.

naevus: nevuso.

nag: reproch-ach-adar, reprimand-ach-adar.

nag: kaval-o, -acho.

naid: nayado.

naif, naïve: naiv-a, -(ul)o; naivetè: (state) naiv-eso, (act) -ajo.

nail: (fasten with n.s) klov-agar; (stud with n.s) -izar; (spike a gun) -stopar.

nail: (of metal) klovo; (of claws, fingers, toes) unglo; to cut one’s n.s: emundar o taliar sua ungli; n. factory: klov-if-erio.

naked: nud-a (cf. expoz-ita; des-kovr-ita; evidenta); to strip n.: nud-igar, -eskar.

namby-pamby: sentimant-acha, insipida.

name: (call, mention by n.) nom-ar; (give a n. to) -izar; (n. for an office) nominar; (n.) nomo; maiden n.: damzelo-nomo; nick-n.: psuedonimo; n.less: (without a n.) sen-noma; (unspeakable) ne-dic-inda; -ly: nom-e, -ale; n.sake: di la sama nomo.

nankeen: nankino.

nano-: (prefix, thousand million) nano-.

nap: (short sleep) (intr.) dorm-etar, -eto; (afternoon or noon n.) siest-ar (intr.), -o; (of cloth, hats) pil-aro; (down of birds) lanugo.

nape: (of neck) nuko.

naptha: nafto.

napthalene: naftalino.

napkin: bok-tuko.

narcissus: narciso.

narcosis: narkot-o; to be in a state of n.: (intr.) -ar; (tr.) -igar.

narcotic: (sleep, etc.) narkot-a, -ala; (agent) -igiva, -igivo.

narcotize: narkot-igar.

nard: (bot.) nardo.

narrate: (relate something that has happened) naracar (cf. rakontar).

narrow: (not wide, also fig.) streta; to n.: stret-igar, -eskar; he had a n. escape: lu eskapis grava mal-ajo; n. mind: ne-liber-ala, streta-ment-o; -ly: (attentively) atenc-oze; (almost) preske; -ness: stret-eso.

narwhal: narvalo.

nasal: naz-ala; (sound, letter) -alo; -ity: -al-eso; to speak n.ly: (intr.) naz-parolar.

nascent: nask-anta, komenc-anta.

nasty: des-agreabla; (fig.) des-neta, sordida, mala, sham-inda; danjer-oz-a, grava.

natal: nask-ala.

natation: nat-ado.

nation: nacion-o; law of n.s: inter-naciona yuro.

national: nacion-ala; (member of a nation) -ano; -ity: (of a people) -eso; (of an individual) -aleso, -an-eso; -ism: -al-ismo; -ist: al-ist-a, -o; -ize: (an industry, etc.) -al-igar (a person) -an-igar, -eskar (cf. civit-an-igar).

native: indijen-a, -(ul)o; en-nask-ita, -into; (aboriginal) aborijen-a, -o; (inhabitant) habit-anto; (natural) natur-ala.

nativity: nask-o, -epoko, -eyo.

natural: natur-ala; n. history: natur-scienco; -ist: -al-isto; -ism: (philos., art) -al-ismo; -ly: -ale; (evidently) kompren-eble, sen-dube; -ness: natur-al-eso.

naturalize: nacion-an-igar, -eskar; civit-an-igar, -eskar; (to acclimate) aklimatar.

nature: naturo; good n.: bon-humoro, afabl-eso, benign-eso; in a state of n.: en stando natur-ala; against n.: kontre-natura.

naught: (arith.) zero; (nothing) nihilo, nulo; to set at n.: nule egardar; defiar; to come to n.: faliar; divenar fiasko.

naughty: mala, maligna; des-obedi-anta, -ema; n. trick: raskal-ajo.

nausea: nauze-o; to have n.: (intr.) -ar.

nauseate: nauze-igar (ulu) (cf. repugnar, vomar).

nauseating: nauze-iganta, -ig-iva; (fig.) repugn-anta, -iva.

nautical: (relating to the sea) mar-ala; (relating to navigation) navig-ala; (relating to sailors) mar-ista, nav-ana; (relating to ships) nav-ala.

nautilus: nautilo.

naval: milit-nav-ala.

nave: (hub of wheel) nabo; (of a church) navo.

navel: umbiliko.

navigable: navig-ebla.

navigate: (tr., intr.) navig-ar; -tion: -(ad)o; -tor: -isto, -ero, -anto.

navvy: ter-labor-isto; fos-, fosat-labor-isto.

navy: milit-nav-aro.

nay: ne, no; to say nay: refuzar, negar.

neap-tide: maxim-basa mareo (od, refluxo).

near: proxim, -e, -a (cf. apud, cirkum); (almost) preske; (stingy) avar(et)a, meskina; (intimate) intima, kara; (accurate) exakta; n.by: proxime, apude; to draw n.: proxim-eskar, igar su (ad); to be n.: esar proxim(a); apud-esar; it is n. two o’clock: esos balde du kloki; n. relation: proxima parento; n.ly: (almost) preske; as n. as possible: (copy, etc.) tam exakte kam posible; n.-sighted: miop-a, -(ul)o; the n.est way: la maxim direta voyo.

neat: (clean) neta; (of drinks) ne-dilut-ita; (orderly) ordin-ema; (clever) habila; (of good taste) jentila, eleganta.

nebula: nebuloso.

nebulous: nebul-oza, -atra.

necessarily: necese, koakte.

necessary: neces-a; (n.) -ajo, bezon-(at)ajo; (cf. utensilo).

necessitate: neces-igar (cf. postular, obligar, koaktar).

necessitous: indij-anta, -anto.

necessity: neces-eso; -ajo; (need) bezono; (indigence) indijo.

neck: (anat. and fig.) kolo; (of musical instr.) mancho; (of land) (tera) lango; break one’s n.: ruptar sua kolo; n. and crop: komplete; n. or nothing: toto o nulo; segun la chanco; by a n.: (in racing) per (mi-) kol-mezuro; n.-tie: kol-lig-ilo, kravato; n.-cloth: kol-tuko; n.-piece: (butchery) kol-peco.

neckerchief: kol-tuko; shultro-tuko; (of silk) fulardo.

necklace: (perlo-, e.c.) koliaro.

necrobiosis: nekrobioso.

necrologist: nekrolog-isto.

necrology: nekrolog-o; (collect.) -aro.

necromancy: nekromanci-o; to practise n.: (intr.) -ar.

necrophile: (psych.) nekrofilo.

necrophilia: (psych.) nekrofilio.

necropolis: nekropolo.

necrosis: nekroso.

nectar: nektaro.

nectarine: nektarino.

nectary: nektario.

need: (be in want of something necessary) bezonar; (to be destitute) indijar; (to be lacking, missing) (intr.) mankar; (it is necessary, impers.) esar necesa ke; oportas.

need: bezono; (necessity) neces-eso; (indigence) indijo; in case of n.: segun (od, en) kazo di bezon-o; -ed: bezon-ata; -ful: necesa.

needle: agulo; (hand of a dial) indexo (-agulo); montr-ilo; point of a n.: agul-pinto; eye of a n.: truo di agulo; thread a n.: fil-izar agulo; sewing-n.: sut-agulo; knitting-n.: trikot-agulo; magnetic n.: magnet-agulo; n.ful: agulo-edo; n.-woman: sut-ist-ino; n.-work: sut-ala labor-uro (act) sut-ado.

needless: ne-utila, ne-neces-a, -e.

needy: indij-anta, -ema.

ne’er-do-well: nul-valor-anto, raskalo, bub-acho.

nefarious: maligna; krimin-oza, -ema; mal-ega, abomin-inda.

negation: neg-(ad)o; (gram.) neg-ilo, neg-ala partikulo.

negative: (which denies) neg-anta, -iva; (relative to a negation) neg-ala; (math., photog., elec.) negativ-a, -o (see negation).

neglect: neglijar, ne sorgar; (omit to do) omisar; -ful: neglij-anta, -ema.

negligée: neglijeo.

negligence: (act) neglij-o; (habitual) -ado; (state) -eso; (tendency) -em-eso; (oversight) omiso.

negligible: neglij-ebla.

negotiate: negociar.

negro: negr-(ulo); -a.

neigh: (intr.) (kavalo) bramar.

neighbor, neighbour: vicin-(ul)o.

neighborhood: (place) vicin-eyo, -ajo; (persons) -aro.

neighboring: vicina, proxima, apuda (ad).

neither: nek; n. … nor: nek … nek; she loved n.: el amis nek l’una nek l’altra; n. will come: nek l’una nek l’alta venos.

nematoblast: nematoblasto.

nematode: (worm, roundworm) nematodo.

nenuphar: nenufaro.

neo-Lamarckism: neolamarckismo.

Neolithic: neolitiko*.

neologism: neologismo.

neon: neono.

neophyte: novico, nova adepto.

neoprene: neopreno.

neovitalism: neovitalismo.

neper: neperala.

nephew: nev-(ul)o.

nephritis: nefrito.

nepotism: nepotismo.

nereid: Nere-ido.

nerve: nervo; to n.: (plu-) fort-igar (su, sua nervi, sua kurajo); (sang-froid) sango-kalm-eso.

nervous: (of or relating to the nerves) nerv-a, -ala; (abounding in nerves) -oza; (full of n. energy) vigor-oza; (timid) timid-a, -ema; (fig.) nerv-oza, -ika; -ness: nerv-oz-eso, timid-eso, -emeso.

nervure: nervaturo.

-ness: (with adj., tr. verbs) -eso; (with intr. verbs) -o.

nest: (also fig.) nest-o; to build a n.: -ifar; to n.: loj-ar (-igar su) en nesto.

nestle: lojar en nesto; kushar su (proxim(e)).

nestling: ucel-yuno (en nesto).

net: en-ret-igar; (com., finan.) produktar, ganar, profitar, nete.

net: reto; (of price) neta; (of weight) sen-tara.

nether: (bottom) infra, plu-basa; (next under) suba; (socially) inferiora; n.most: maxim basa, maxim infra.

netting: reto.

nettle: (intr.) despitar; irac-igar (ulu).

nettle: urtiko; n. rash: urtikario.

network: reto.

neuralgia: nevralgio.

neurasthenia: nevrastenio.

neuritis: nevrito.

neurone: neurono.

neuropter: nevroptero.

neurosis: nevroso (cf. nevrastenio).

neuter: (all senses) neutr-a, -o.

neutral: neutr-a, -(ul)o; -ity: -eso; -ize: -igar.

neutrino: neutrino.

neutron: neutrono.

nevé: neveo.

never: nul-tempe; jame*; I n. see you: me vidas tu nul-tempe; better late than n.: prefer-inda esas tarde kam nul-tempe.

nevertheless: tamen, malgre to, malgre omno.

new: nov-a, -e; (cf. recente; novica; ne-experta, debut-anta; fresha); n. year: nov-yaro, -ala; n. thing: nov-ajo; what’s n.?: qua nova?; n.s: inform-o, -ajo, (received) -eso; ask the n.s about: demandar informi pri; n.-fashioned: segun la recenta modo, segun-moda; n.ness: nov-eso; (want of practise) ne-expert-eso, manko di experienco; (innovation) nov-ajo; nov-ig-(ad)i, -uro; n.s-agent: vend-isto jurnali; n.s-boy: port-ero, -isto di jurnali.

newel: chef-balustro.

news: novaji; niuzo*.

newspaper: jurnalo.

next: (nearest) la maxim proxima, la apuda; vicina; (following) nexta, sequ-anta, -anto, -ante; l’un-esme ven-anta; ven-onta; the n. world: la vivo ven-onta; n. month: ven-onta monato; n. to: apud; next door to: tote apuda; n. of kin: la maxim proxima parento; Monday n.: lundio venonta; the n. Monday: la lundio sequanta (od, posa); I will take the n. train: me iros per (od, prenos) la treno sequ-anta o ven-onta; he sat n. to me: il sidis flanke di me; n. to impossible: preske ne-posible.

nib: (pen) (plum-)beko; (of a pen) pinto (di plum-beko).

nibble: mord-etar, -eto; rod-etar; (of birds) bek-pik-etar; (graze) pasturar.

nice: (of taste) bona, delic-oza, bon-gusta, agreabla, frianda; (delightful) bela, am-inda, jentila, eleganta, afabla, graci-oza; delikata; (tidy) ordin-ita, -oza, (person) -ema; neta; (scrupulous) skrupul-oza; justa; (fastidious) postul-ema, delikat-ega; (subtle) subtila; (of children) jentila, bon-kondukta; am-inda, charm-anta, -iva; plez-anta; (precise) preciza, exakta.

niche: nicho.

nick: noch-izar; in the n. of time: justa-tempe.

nickel: nikel-o, -izar.

nickoline, niccolite: nikelino.

nickname: sur-nom-ach-o, -izar.

nicotine: nikotino.

niece: nev-ino.

niello: nielo.

nigella: nigelo.

niggard: (adj.) avara, meskina.

nigger: (for historical purposes) negr-a, -acha; -(ul)o, -ach(ul)o.

nigh: proxim-a, -e; to draw n.: proxim-eskar, -igar (su ad).

night: nokt-o (cf. tenebro, obskur-eso); it is n.: (impers.) nokt-as; n.fall: nokt-esko; last n.: lasta nokt-o, -e; at the close of n.: ye la kompleta nokto; by n. and day: nokte e jorne; n.gown: nokt-ala kamizo, nokto-kamizo, -vesto, -robo; n. fell: nokt-eskis; n. lamp: nokto-lampo.

nightingale: naktigalo.

nightmare: koshmaro (2001); inkubo.

nightshade: (bot.) solano; deadly n.: beladono.

nihilism: nihil-ismo.

nihilist: nihil-ista, -isto.

nil: nulo, nihilo.

nilgai, nilgau: nilgauo.

nimble: ajila.

nimbus: aureolo (cf. halono); (rain cloud) nimbo.

nincompoop: stult-acho; naiv-acho.

nine: non.

ninepin: keglo.

nineteen: dek-e-non.

ninety: nona-dek.

ninny: stult-(ul)o.

ninth: (fraction) non-ima, -imo; (ordinal) non-esma.

nip: (pinch) pinchar; (bite) mordar (la extrem-ajo); (small drink) drinkar poka (vino e.c.); (pinch) pinch-o, -edo.

nippers: pinco (cf. tenalio).

nipping: mord-anta, pik-anta; (pinching) pinch-anta.

nipple: mam-pinto, mamilo; (tech.) nipelo.

nitrate: nitrato.

nitre: (saltpeter, saltpetre) kali-nitrato, saltpetro.

nitric acid: nitrat-acido.

nitride: nitrido.

nitrite: nitrito.

nitrogen: azot-o, nitr-o; -ous: -oza.

nirvana: «nirvana».

no: (interj.) no; (in composition) ne; (not any) nula (cf. nihila and prefix: sen); no money: nula pekunio; no one: nulu; nowhere: nul-loke: there is no way to: ne esas posibla, esas ne-posibla; no matter: ne importas; no matter what: irgo; have you no friends?: kad vu havas nula amiki?; no more: ne plus(e), ne plu multa; (not any) nul-a, -o.

nob: see knob.

nobility: (by birth) nobel-eso; (collect.) nobel-aro; (of character) nobl-eso.

noble: (in character) nobl-a; -(ul)o; (in rank) nobel-a, -(ul)o; -man: nobel-ulo.

nobody: nulu.

noctiluca: noktiluko.

nocturnal: nokt-ala.

nocturne: nokturno.

nod: (assent) afirmar per kap-signo; (in salutation) salut-etar (ulu) per la kapo; (involuntarily) inklin-et-adar la kapo; (to be drowsy) dorm-et- eskar.

node: (anat., bot.) tubero, tuber-oz-eso.

nohow: nul-maniere.

noise: bruis-o; to make a n.: (intr.) -ar; -less: sen-bruisa; silenc-anta, -oza, -ema.

noisome: (unhealthy) ne-salubra; (harmful) noc-iva; (stinking) fetida.

noisy: (person) bruis-anta, -ema; (thing) -oza.

nomad: nomad-(ul)o; -ic: -a, -ala; to be a n.: -esar; (state) -eso.

nomenclature: nom-iz-ado; (tech.) nomenklaturo.

nominal: (of price, value) nomin-ala; (in name only) nom-ala, ye la nomo di, vice (ulu).

nominalism: nomin-al-ismo.

nominate: nominar.

nominative: nominativo.

nominee: nomin-ato, -ario.

nomography: nomografio.

non-: see prefix ne-.

nonagenarian: non-a-dek-yar-a, -(ul)o.

nonchalant: indiferenta.

non-commissioned officer: sub-oficero.

non-conformist: ne-konform-a, -isto.

nondescript: ne-klasifik-ebla.

none: nul-a, -u, -o.

nonentity: (something non-existent) ne-exist-anto; ne-ento; (person) sen-valor-a hom-(ul)o.

nonillion: noniliono.

nonsense: sen-senc-ajo (cf. stult-ajo).

nonsensical: sen-senca, absurda.

noodles: (vermicelli) nudli.

nook: angul-eto.

noon: di-mezo, jorno-mezo.

noose: glit-nodo (cf. slingo, lazo).

nopal: nopalo.

nor: nek.

noria: norio.

norm: norm-o; -al: norm-a, -ala; (geom.) -al-a, -o.

north: nordo; -ern: -ala; (with movement) ad-nord-e; n.west: nord-westo.

northerner: nord-ano.

nose: nazo; (of animals) muzelo; (of bellows) beko, tubo(-pinto); blow one’s n.: mungar su; n.bag: (kap-)manjo-sako; speak through the n.: naz-parolar; to have a good n.: (smell) havar bona flar-ado; snub n.ed: plat-naza; turned-up n.: nazo acens-anta; to turn up one’s n. at: des-prizar (ulo).

nosegay: buket-(et)o.

nostalgia: nostalgio.

nostoc: nostoko.

nostril: naz-truo.

nostrum: medikament-acho.

not: ne; not at all: tote ne; nule; n. much: ne-multo; is it n.?: kad esas? n. only: ne nur; n. yet: ne ja; n. so much: ne tam multa.

notability: eminent-(ul)o, (state) -eso.

notable: eminenta; remark-inda; fam-oza.

notary, public: notario.

notation: not-iz-(ad)o, -uro; not-sistemo.

notch: noch-o, -izar.

note: (make a memo. of) not-ar; (annotate) -izar; (notice) remarkar; (memo., also mus., dipl.) noto; (promise to pay) pago-promiso, propra-mandato; (short letter) letr-eto; (sign) signo; (sound, tone) tono; n.-book: not-libr-eto, posh-kayero; bank-n.: bank-bilieto; -ed: eminenta, fam-oza; -worthy: not-inda, remark-inda.

nothing: nulo; (something non-existent) nihilo, nul-ajo; all or n.: omno o nulo; n. new: nulo nova; absolutely n.: tote o absolute nulo; that person is n. to me: ta homo esas nulo por me o ne relatas me; that is n.: to ne importas; n. is more beautiful than.: nulo esas plu bela kam; as if n. had happened: quale se nulo eventabus; n. less: nulo minuse; n. more: nulo pluse; a do-n.: nul-fac-anto, -ero; indolent-(ul)o; (cf. zero).

notice: remarkar, konoc-eskar, atencar, observar.

notice: (knowledge) konoco, atenco; (short account or instruction, as in a newspaper, on a bottle, etc.) notico; (warning) avizo; n. to quit: des-engajar (ulu); des-lokacar (ulo); at short n.: ye kurta fristo (od, intertempo); to give n.: avizar (ulu pri ulo); to attract n.: atraktar la atenco; take n.: atencez!; to bring to the n. of: atenc-igar ulu pri ulo; without a moment’s n.: quik; to give n.: avizar (ulu, pri ulo), avertar; notifikar; n. board: afisho-tabelo.

noticeable: remark-inda; percept-ebla; sent-ebla.

notification: notifik-o, -uro, avizo, informo.

notify: notifikar, avizar, konoc-igar, informar.

notion: nociono (cf. ideo, opiniono, konoc-o).

notoriety: notor-eso.

notorious: notora; (in bad sense) notor-acha, fam-oz-acha.

notwithstanding: (despite) malgre (cf. quankam, tamen).

nought: (arith.) zero; (nothing) nul-o, -ajo; nihilo (see nothing).

noun: nomo, substantivo; common n.: komuna nomo.

nourish: nutr-ar; -ing: -anta, -iva; -ment: (act) -ado; (food) -ivo, -ivi.

novel: (adj.) nova; (n.) romano.

novelist: romanc-isto, -autoro.

novelty: (thing) nov-ajo; (quality) -eso.

November: novembro.

novena: nono.

novice: novic-(ul)o, ne-expert-(ul)o; debut-anto.

novitiate: novic-eso; (place) -eyo.

now: (adv.) nun, prezente; (adj.) prezenta, nuna; (of the past) lora; till n.: til nun; (past) til lore; n. and then: temp-ope, de tempo a tempo; before n.: ja, ante-e; n. then: nu! now … then: lore … lore (cf. or).

nowadays: ca-die, nun-tempe, prezente, en nuna tempo.

nowhere: nul-loke.

nowise: nul-e, -maniere.

noxious: noc-anta, -iva; danjer-oza; mal-fac-anta, -ema; n. exhalation: mefito.

nozzle: tub-pinto; beko.

nucellus: nucelo.

nuclein: nukleino.

nucleolus: nukleolo.

nucleoplasm: nukleoplasmo.

nucleus: nukleo.

nude: nud-a.

nudge: kudo-frap-etar; kudo-shok-etar.

nudity: (state) nud-eso; (thing, part) -ajo.

nugatory: vana, sen-efika.

nugget: pepito.

nuisance: jen-o, -ant-ajo, embaras-ant-ajo; domajo, detrimento.

null: nul-valor-anta, nihila.

nullify: nihil-igar, -eskar; (in law) kasacar.

nullity: nihil-o, -ajo, -eso; sen-valor-ajo.

numb: sen-sent-igar, -eskar; torporar (intr.); (adj.) sen-senta, ne-sent-ema; torpor-anta, -oza.

number: (count) kontar, nombr-izar; (give numbers to) numer-izar.

number: (gram., numeral, quantity) nombro; (order, succession, as of houses, periodicals) numero; n.less: ne-kont-ebla.

numeral: (adj.) nombr-ala; (n.) cifro.

numerator: numeratoro.

numerical: nombr-ala; (order) numer-ala.

numerous: multa, grand-nombra.

numismatics: numismatiko.

nummulite: numulito.

numbskull: stult-(eg)(ul)o.

nun: regul-ier-ino.

nunciature: (office) nunci-eso; (residence) -eyo.

nuncio: nuncio.

nunnery: kuvento por regul-ier-ini.

nuptial: mariaj-ala; -s: mariaj-o, -festo.

nurse: (suckle) alaktar; (care for the sick) flegar.

nurse: (for infants) nutr-ist-ino; (for children) infant-ala gard-ist-ino; (for the sick) fleg-ist-(ul)o, -ino.

nursery: infant-eyo, chambro por infanti; (public) infant-azilo; (for plants) arbor-, plant-eduk-eyo; n. governess: eduk-istino; n.man: plant-, arbor-eduk-isto.

nursling: alakt-ato, -ito.

nurture: (nourish) nutrar; (bring up, educate) edukar.

nut: (botanical) nuco (cf. avelano, kokoso, galo, muskado, vomiknuco); (of a screw) skrub-ino, -kapo; n.cracker: nuco-rupt-ilo.

nutation: nutaco; to nutate: nutacar.

nutmeg: muskado.

nutrient: nutr-ivo, -ivi; (adj.) nutr-anta, -iva.

nutriment: nutr-ivo.

nutrition: (act) nutr-ado; (state) -eso.

nutritious: nutr-anta, -iva.

nutting: nuco-koli-ado.

nux-vomica: vomiknuco.

nyctalopic: niktalopa.

nyctitropism: niktropismo.

nymph: nimfo.