English-Ido Dictionary : G

G: (mus.) G; Gb: ges; G#: gis.

gabble: babil-(ach)ar.

gabbro: gabro.

gabion: gabiono.

gable: (of house) geblo.

gad about: irar (od, kurar) hike ad ibe.

gadfly: tabano.

gadolinium: gadolinio.

gaff: gafo.

gag: boko-stop-ar; -ilo; esforcar vomar; vom-et-eskar; (theat.) improviz-ajo; jok-ajo.

gage: gajo.

gaiety: gay-eso.

gain: (earn, win) ganar, aquirar, obtenar ; atingar; (of clocks) esar tro rapida; (come nearer) plu-proxim-eskar (ad); (overtake) rajuntar; (outrun) devancar (cf. preter-irar); g. over: atraktar, persuadar.

gain: (n.) gan-ajo; profito.

gainsay: kontre-dicar.

gait: aluro, marcho-modo, maniero.

gaiter: ger-o, -izar.

gala: gala (-dineo, -festo, -robo).

galantine: galanteno.

galaxy: galaxio (2001); lakto-voyo; bril-anta asemblo.

galbanum: galbano.

gale: vent-ego (cf. uragano; burasko).

galena: galeno.

«galette»: (cake) galeto.

galimatias: galimatiaso.

gall: (the skin) exkoriar, skrachar; iritar; (mentally) agacar.

gall: (fluid) bilo; (bitterness) bitr-eso, -ajo; g.bladder: bilo-veziko; g.stone: bilo-kalkalo; g.nut: galo; g.fly: gal-vespo.

gallant: (to ladies) galanta; (brave) brava; kuraj-oza; (valiant) proda; (chivalrous) kavalier-atra; (n.) galant-ulo; amor-ist-ulo, amor-ant-ulo; -try: add -ajo for act.

galleon: galiono.

gal(l)iot: galioto.

gallery: galerio.

galley: (ship) galero; (kitchen) (nav-) koqu-eyo; (print.) galeo.

Gallic(an): galikan-a; -anism: -ismo; -ism: (a French idiom) galicismo; -ize: Franc-igar.

gallinule: galinelo.

gallium: galio.

gallon: 3.78 litri; imperial g.: 4.54 litri.

galloon: galono.

gallop: (intr.) galop-ar, (tr.) -igar.

gallows: patibulo (cf. jibeto).

galosh: (wooden shoe) galosho; (overshoe) sur-shuo.

galvanic: galvan-ala.

galvanize: (elec. and fig.) galvaniz-ar; (cover with zinc) zink-izar.

galvanometer: galvanometro.

galvanotropism: galvanotropismo.

gambit: (chess) gambit-o, (v.) -ar,

gamble: (cards, etc.) lud-ar, -riskar (cf. pariar, spekular).

gamboge: gumiguto.

gambol: (intr.) gambolar.

game: (play) ludo; (birds, etc.) vildo; chas-aj-o, -i; flesh of g.: vildo-karno; feathered g.: plum-vildo; g. bag: vildo-sako; to hunt g.: chasar; vild-chasar, -kaptar; g.keeper: chas-gard-isto; to make a g. of: mokar.

game: (courageous) kuraj-oza; (ready) pronta.

gamester: lud-(risk)anta, -ero, -isto, -emo.

gamete: gameto.

gametophyte: gametofito.

gamin: bub-(ul)o.

gammer: (grandmother) av-ino.

gammon: (humbug) tromp-ajo; (smoked ham) shinko fum-iz-ita.

gamut: (mus.) gamo.

gander: gans-ulo.

gang: band-(ach)o, trup-(ach)o; (for a particular service) eskadr-o; (member of) -ano.

ganglion: gangliono.

gangrene: gangren-o (cf. sfacelo); to have g.: -ar.

gangue: gango.

gangway: (pas-)pont-eto; pas-eyo (streta).

gannet: (ornit.) ganeto.

gaol: karcer-o; g.bird: -ano; g. keeper: -gard-isto.

gap: (breach) brecho, lakuno, apert-uro, vaku-ajo, truo, inter-spaci; make a g. in: brech-izar.

gape: (open the mouth) (intr.) bear; (yawn) (of persons) (intr.) ocitar, (places) bear; (like a simpleton) (intr.) gapar; to look g.ingly: spekt-adar be-ante.

garage: gar-eyo, -dom-eto.

garb: vest-aro, -izar, kostum-o, -izar.

garbage: (manjo-)for-jet-aji.

garble: fushar; mutilar; alterar.

garden: garden-o, -kultivar; g. warbler: silvio; bekafiko.

gardenia: gardenio.

gargarize, gargle: gargar-ar; (n.) -ivo.

gargoyle: (water spout) gargolo*.

garish: (gaudy) lux-oza, -ach-oza; tro-orn-ita, pomp-oza, -ach-oza; tro-bril-anta; pretend-ema; extravag-ema.

garland: girlando (cf. chapleto).

garlic: alio.

garment: vest-o; mourning g.: trauro-vesto; to take g.s off: des-vest-izar, des-metar.

garner: (harvest) rekoltar; akumular od pozar en garb-eyo (od, gran-eyo).

garnet: (gem) granat-o, g. coloured: -ea.

garnish: garnisar, plu-bel-igar, ornar; (jur.) sumnar.

garnishee: sizar, embargar.

garniture: garnituro.

garret: (under sloping roof) mansardo (cf. atiko; granario).

garrison: garnizon-o, -igar; member of a g.: -ano.

garrulous: babil-ema, -era, parol-ema.

garrote: garot-o; -agar; -ligar.

garter: (horizontal band) garter-o, -izar; (lengthwise) kalzo-lig-ilo.

gas: gas-o; (v.) -igar (ulu), -izar (loko, uli); -eous: -oza, -ala, -atra; g.works: -if-erio; g. burner: -brul-ilo; g. meter: -kont-ilo; g. reservoir, gasometer: gasometro.

gash: en-tranchar, inciz(eg)ar; (n.) en-tranch-o,-uro; inciz-o, -uro; (surface) sek-vund-uro.

gasoline: gazolino.

gasp: respirar des-facil-e; (pant) anhelar (intr.); (n.) respir-(eg)o, -spasmo.

gastralgia: gastralgio.

gastric: stomak-ala.

gastritis: gastrito.

gastroenteritis: (med.) gastroenterito*.

gastroenterology: (med.) gastroenterologio*.

gastronome: gastronomo.

gastronomy: gastronomio.

gastropod: gastropodo.

gastroscope: (med.) gastroskopo*.

gastroscopy: gastroskopio*.

gate: pord-o; (large as of a city) -ego; -keeper: -gard-isto; -way: -eyo (cf. shibro).

gather: kolektar (cf. koliar, rekoliar, rekoltar, glinar); (come to understand) komprenar; (in needlework) fruns-ar, -uro; plis-ar, -uro; (assemble) asemblar, kun-venar; (fester) pus-ifar; (abcess) abces-eskar.

gaudy: orn-iv-acha, pomp-oza; baroka (see garish).

gauge: (measure) mezurar; (measure internal capacity) gauj-ar, (instr.) -ilo; (tech.) indikatoro; vacuum g.: vakuometro; (of R.R.) rot-eskarto; (fig.) judikar.

gaunt: magra, sen-grasa (cf. tenua).

gauntlet: longa ganto; (knight’s) armo-ganto, fera ganto.

gaur: (wild bovine animal of South Asia) gauro* (Bos frontalis).

gauze: gazo.

gavot(t)e: gavoto.

gawky: ne-, des-gracila; des-habila.

gay: gay-a, -iety: -eso; to be g.: -esar; to make g.: igar (ulu); (homosexual) geya*.

gaze: (with attention) regardar (cf. spektar); (simply look at) vidar (cf. kontemplar; bear).

gazelle: gazelo.

gazette: jurnalo (ofic-ala).

gear: (apparatus) aparato, utensil-aro, instrument-aro; acesor-aji; equip-uro; (mach.) ingran-ajo; rot-dent-aro; to put or throw into g.: embragar, ingranar.

gecko: (lizard) geko.

Gehenna: geheno.

geisha: «geisha».

gelatine: gelatino.

geld: kastrar; -ing: (horse) kastr-ita kaval-ulo, ex-kaval-ulo.

gem: gemo (cf. lapido).

Gemini: jemeli.

gemmule: gemulo.

gendarme: jendarmo.

gender: (gram.) genro.

gene: geno; genetics: genetiko.

genealogical: genealogi-ala; g. tree: -ala arboro.

genealog-y, -ist: genealogi-o, -isto.

general: (milit.) generalo, arme-estro.

general: gener-ala, komuna, ordinara; (habitual) kustum-ala; in g.: gener-ale; -ity: (character) -al-eso; (objective) -al-ajo; (majority) majoritato, plu multi; -ly: -ale, maxim ofte; -ize: -al-igar; -izing, -ization: -al-ig(ad)o, -ig-uro.

generalissimo: generalisimo.

generalship: taktito, strategio.

generate: genitar; g. anew: ri-genitar, regenerar.

generation: (begetting) genit-(ad)o; (people, period) generaciono; (genesis) genezo.

generative: (begetting) genit-anta, -iva,

generator: (tech.) generatoro.

generic: (relating to a genus) gener-ala; (common) komuna.

generous:
jeneroza (cf. don-ema, donac-ema).

genesis: genit-(ad)o; (Bibl. and geom.) genezo.

genet: jineto.

genetics: genetiko.

genial: bon-humora, amik-eg-ala, simpati-oza; gay-ig-anta.

genie: genio.

genital: genit-ala (organi); (n.) genitalo*.

genitive: (gram.) genitivo.

genius: genio; evil g.: mala genio, demono.

genocide: genocido*.

genome: genomo.

genotype: genotipo.

genre: jenro.

gens: gento.

genteel: jentila; polita; disting-ita.

gentian: genciano.

gentile: ne-jud-a, -ala, ne-hebrea; pagana.

gentle: dolca; g. of birth: bone nask-inta, di bona familio.

gentleman: (in character) jentil-ulo; (in gen.) sior(ul)o; -ly: (character) jentila; (in manners) polita.

gentry: alta borgez-aro; sior-aro.

genuflexion: genu-flex-o (v. in: -ar).

genuine: vera, autentika, pura, reala.

genus: genero.

geocentric: geocentr-ala.

geodesy: geodezio.

geognosy: geognozio.

geographer: geografo.

geography: geografio.

geoid: geoido.

geology: geologio.

geomancy, to practise: (intr.) geomanci-ar.

geometrician: geometro.

geometry: geometrio.

geophysics: geofiziko.

Georgism: georgismo.

geotactism: geotaktismo.

geotropic: geotropa.

geranium: geranio.

gerfalcon, gyrfalcon: gerfalko.

germ: (also fig.) jerm-o; g. plasm: jerm-if-anta plasmo; (in the theory of A. Weismann) idanto.

German: German-a, ala.

germane: relat-iva, -ata; aplik-ebla; konven-anta.

germanium: germanio.

germinate: jerm-ifar.

gerontology: gerontologio.

gerund: gerundio.

gestation: (state) gravid-eso; (act) -ig-(ad)o, -esko.

gesticulate: (intr.) gest-ar; -tive: -ad-ema.

gesture: gesto.

get: (acquire) aquir-ar, prokur-ar; (become) -eskar; (cause to be) -igar; (fetch) querar; (obtain) obtenar; (prepare, get ready) preparar, pront-igar; g. along: (progress) (intr.) progresar; g. away: livar, (intr.) departar; g. back: (return) retro-irar; g. down: decensar; g. even: (intr.) revanchar; g. in: (collect.) kolektar; (procure) prokurar, obtenar; (harvest) rekoltar; g. into: en-irar; (open) apertar; g. off: liber-igar, -eskar; (dismount) decensar (de); g. on: (agree) (intr.) konkordar; (do well) (intr.) sucesar; (go foreward) avan-irar (ad); g. on with: (continue) dur-igar; g. out: (go out) ek-irar (de); (prepare) preparar; (publish) editar; g. out of: (avoid) evitar; g. over: (forget) obliviar; (pass over) (tra-)pasar, super-pasar (ulo); trans-irar; (overcome) vinkar; (re-establish) ri-establisar; restaurar; (sickness) ri-san-eskar; g. round: (deceive) trompar; (wheedle) flatar; karezar; g. through: tra-irar, trans-irar; (finish, carry out) (par-)finar, plen-igar; g. to: (arrive) atingar; arivar (ye); g. up: (arrange) aranjar; (arise) levar su, stac-eskar; (ascend, mount) acensar; (dress) kostum-izar; (organize) organ-izar; (prepare, get ready) preparar; pront-igar.

gewgaw: orn-iv-acho; bagatelo.

geyser: «geyser».

ghastly: kadavr-a, -atra; pal-ega; (terrible) teror-ig-anta; (sad) trist-ega.

ghetto: «ghetto»; Jud-eyo, -aro.

Ghibbelline: gibelin-a, -o.

ghost: fantomo; a walking g.: kadavro march-anta; The Holy G.: la santa spirito.

ghoul: gulo; vampiro.

giant: gigant-a; -o, -ulo, -ino.

gib: (peg) kelo.

gibberish: jargono, lingu-acho, galimatiaso; to talk g.: (intr.) jargonar.

gibbet: jibeto (cf. patibulo).

gibbon: «gibbon».

gibbosity: gibo.

gibbous: gib-oza.

gibe: mok-ar; (n.) -ajo, sarkasmo.

giblets: abatiso.

giddy: (to be) vertij-ar, (become) -eskar, (cause) -igar; (adj.) vertij-anta; (fig.) sen-reflekta; kap-lejera; ne-pens-ema; ne-atenc-ema, frivola.

gift: donac-o; (thing) -ajo; (talent) dot-o, -uro; talento; the g. of languages: la doto di lingui; -ed: dot-ita; talent-oza.

gig: «tilburi», kabrioleto; (boat) shalupo; yolo.

giga-: (prefix, thousand million) giga-.

gigantic: gigant-a, -atra.

giggle: rid-et-achar; stulte ridar.

gigolo: jigolo*.

gild: or-izar; (association) gildo.

gill: brankio.

gillyflower: jilfloro.

gilt: or-atra, -iz-ita.

gilthead: (fish) dorado.

gimbals: (of compass) (busulo-)balanciero.

gimcrack: lud-(et)ilo; bagatelo; orn-iv-acho.

gimlet: bor-il-eto.

gimp: pasmento; gipuro.

gin: (spirits) jino; (trap) kapt-ilo; lifting g.: argano.

ginger: jinjer-o; g.-coloured: -ea, rufa; g.bread: miel-kuko.

gingerly: delikate.

gingivitis: jenjivito.

gingle: (as of glasses) (intr.) klikt-et-ar.

gipsy: cigan-(ul)o.

giraffe: jirafo.

girder: (metal-, ligno-) trabo, traverso.

gird: zon-izar.

girdle: zon-o, -kordono; -izar.

girl: (as to sex) puer-ino; infant-ino; yun-ino; (as relatives to parents) fili-ino; old g.: olda celib-ino; (servant) yun-ino; (as relates to parents) fili-serv-ist-ino; -ish: puer-in-ala, -atra; -hood: puer-in-eso.

girth: (as of a horse) gurt-o; ventro-zono; to put g. on: gurt-izar, -ligar, -agar; (circumference) cirkum-mezur-o; cirklo-kurvo.

gist: kerno, esenco, substanco.

give: (in gen.) donar (food, a gift, in marriage, a sign, a hand); (make a donation of) donacar; (promiscuously) dis-donar; (one’s respects) prizentar; (description) deskriptar; (alms) almonar (ad); g. a start: (intr.) tresayar; g. birth to: parturar; g. the lie to: dementiar; g. a guess: divinar, konjektar; g. a look: regardar; g. a shriek: kri-eskar (pro teroro); g. battle: (intr.) bataliar; g. ear to: askoltar; g. ground: (intr.) regresar; retro-irar; g. heed: atencar (ulo), esar sorg-ema; g. in charge: arestar; g. place: cedar; g. oneself, one’s mind: donar su, konsakrar su, dedikar su; g. suck to: alaktar; g. the slip: evitar; eskapar; fugar; g. trouble: jenar; tedar; molestar; trublar; des-komod-igar; g. way: cedar; g. out: anuncar, proklamar; (become exhausted) exhaust-esar; (distribute) (dis-)donar; g. rise to: efekt-igar, produktar; g. up: renuncar, abandonar; livrar; ne plu expektar; cedar; g. way: (yield) cedar; (collapse) (med.) prostrac-(esk)ar; (phys.) falar, krular; (as a fencer) garar; g.n to: (inclined) (intr.) tendencar, inklinar; kustumar.

gizzard: gizardo.

glacial: (of ice; cold) glaci-ala, -atra; (relating to glaciers) glacier-a, -ala; g. snow: neveo.

glacier: glaciero.

glacis: glacizo.

glad, to be: joy-ar; to do g.ly: facar volunte od kun plezuro.

gladden: joy-igar; gay-igar; -ing: -ig-anta, -ig-iva.

glade: lakuno (en foresto); ne-dens-ajo, -eyo.

gladiator: gladiatoro.

gladiolus: gladiolo.

glair: (cooking) albumen-izar.

glamour: sorco; charm-iv-eso; ravis-ivo.

glance(at): regard-etar (ulu, ulo), jetar regardo ad; g. off: (intr.) rikochar.

gland: gland-o; -ular: -ala, -atra.

glanders: morvo.

glans: glano; g. penis: penis-glano.

glandule: gland-eto.

glare: (shine) bril-egar; (angry stare) regardar irac-oze (od, feroce, od, fixe).

glaring: bril-eg-anta, dazl-anta; (conspicuous) evident-ega, sali-anta; manifest-ata.

glass: (material) vitr-o; (drinking) glaso; (mirror) spegulo; (spy-g., telescope) lorno; beer g.: chopino; single eye-g.: monoklo; burning-g.: acendo-lenso; cut-g.: kristal-glaso; g. case: vetrino; stained-g. window: vitralio (-fenestro); g. jar: bokalo; graduated measuring g.: bureto; pane of g.: vitro-karelo; double eye-g.: binoklo, okul-vitri; g. eye: vitra okulo; crown g.: kron-glaso; flint g.: flintglaso; g. plate: vitro-plako; g. works: vitr-if-erio; made of g.: vitra; g.ful of wine: glas-edo de vino; full-length g.: persono-spegulo; to look at one’s self in a g.: regardar su en spegulo; to clink, touch g.s: glas-shokar (kun ulu).

glaucoma: glaukomo.

glauconite: glaukonito.

glaze: (as pottery) glezar; (leather, calicoes) glacar, apretar; (fit with glass) vitr-izar.

glazier: vitr-iz-isto.

gleam: (intr.) brilar (cf. lumar; radiar).

glean: glinar (cf. kolektar; rekoltar).

glee: joyo; gay-eso; (song) kansono.

glen: val-eto.

glib: parol-ajila.

glide: (slide) glitar; (flowing, of liquids) (intr.) fluar.

glimmer: (intr.) bril-etar, lum-etar; (shine through) (intr.) transparar.

glimpse, to catch a : vid-etar, -eskar; mi-vidar; vidar rapide; regard-etar.

glisten: bril-(eg)ar (intr.); cintil-ifar.

glitter: see glisten; -ing: bril-(eg)anta.

gloaming: krepuskulo.

gloat over: regardar joy-oze od maligne; cirkum-lekar; (intr.) triumfar.

globe: globo; g. of the eye: okul-globo; g. of the earth: ter-globo.

globoid: globoido.

globular: glob-atra, -forma; put in g. form: inglobar.

globule: (anat.) globulo; glob-eto.

globulin: (chem.) globulino.

gloom: tenebro; to throw g. over: trist-igar; (melancholy) trist-eso, melankolio.

gloomy: (dark) tenebr-oza, obskura; nub-oza; (sad) trista, des-gaya, chagren-anta; to be g.: (mentally) chagrenar.

glorification: glori-iz(ad)o.

glorify: glori-izar (su, ulu); laud-egar.

glorious: glor-oza; (of vanity) vanitat-oza; fam-oza; bel-ega.

glory: glorio; honoro; to g. in anything: glori-izar per, pri ulo; to crown with g.: (fig.) aureol-izar (ulu, ulo); to g. in: esar fiera pri.

gloss: glacar (cf. katisar; bril-igar); g. over: paliatar, vel-et-izar per exkuzi ver-sembl-anta.

gloss: (commentary) gloso.

glossary: glosario.

glossy: polis-ita; glac-oza, bril-anta.

glottis: gloto.

glove: gant-o, -izar; to remove the g.s: des-gant-izar; -d: gant-iz-ita.

glow: (lit. and fig.) (intr.) ardorar; brular; (shine) lumar (intr.); -ing: ardor-anta, -oza.

glow-worm: lampiro.

glower at: regard-eg-achar.

gloxinia: (bot.) gloxinio.

glucina: glicino.

glucogenic: glikogena.

glucogenisis: glikogenezo.

glucose: glikoso.

glue: glu-o, -izar; (=to stick) (tr., intr.) glutin-ar; (from flour and water) glu-pasto; (from clippings of hoofs, hides, etc.) gelatin-gluo; fish-g.: iktiokolo.

glum: chagren-ema, des-gaya, trista.

glume: (chaff) glumo.

glut: (super-)saturar; plen-eg-igar; stopar (ulo per ulo).

glutamate: glutamato.

gluteal: glute-ala; g. muscle: -alo, -muskulo.

glutelin: gluteino.

gluten: gluteno.

glutinous: glu-oza, -atra; (sticking) glutin-iva, -ema.

glutton: gurmand-ach-a, (ul)o; glut-ema; manj-eg-ero.

glyceria: glicerio.

glycerine: glicerino.

glycin: (glycocoll) glikokolo.

glycine: (bot.) glicino.

glycocoll: (chem.) glikokolo.

glycol: (chem.) glikolo.

glycoprotein: (chem.) glikoproteido.

glycoside: (chem.) glikosido.

gnarled: (full of knots) tuber-oza; (twisted) tord-ita.

gnash: (intr.) grincar.

gnat: kulco.

gnaw: (de-)rodar (cf. mordar).

gneiss: gneiso.

gnome: (myth.) gnomo (cf. koboldo); (aphorism) gnomiko.

gnomon: (sun-dial index) gnomono.

gnomonics: gnomoniko.

gnosis: gnoso.

gnostic: gnostik-a, -(ul)o; -ism: -ismo.

gnu: gnuo.

go: irar, (in a vehicle) (intr.) vetur-irar, -vehar; (travel) (intr.) voyajar; (liveliness) vervo; (interj.) irez! hop! go about: turnar; (ship) jirar (intr.); go ahead: avan-irar; go on ahead: pre-irar; go after or next: sequar; (seek) serchar; go against: opozar su (ad); go along: akompanar, sequar; go ashore: abordar; des-embarkar; (ship) (intr.) strandar; go aside: irar ad-latere; go astray: mis-irar; egarar; go away: for-irar; ek-irar; go back: retro-itrar; -marchar; (of progress) regresar; go beyond: (preter-)pasar; (surpass) super-irar; go by: preter-pasar (cf. devancar; trans-pasar); (of time) for-fluar; go down: decensar; (retrograde) regresar, retro-irar; go far: irar (ad) fore; go for: atakar; (to fetch) irar por querar; go forth: ek-irar; avancar; go first: pre-irar, (in rank and importance) precedar; go from: livar; ek-irar; go halves: dividar du-ime kun ulu; go in: en-irar; go in for: (make practice) praktikar; (undertake) entraprezar; go into: (investigate) explorar, inquestar; go near: proxim-eskar (ad); go off: for-, ek-irar; (goods) vend-(es)ar; (explode shoot) (intr.) explozar; fulminar; pafar; go on: (intr.) procedar; durar; avancar; go out: ek-irar; (be extinguished) exting-esar; go over: tra-, trans-irar; irar, flugar, e.c. super (la mura, monto, e.c.); go through: tra-irar; (to end, destination) par-irar; go up: acensar, irar ad-monte; go up to: abordar ulu; acensar (ad); ad-irar; go upon: fondar; apogar sur; go with: akompanar; go without: karear (ulo).

goad: (lit. and fig.) pikar; (fig.) stimular; g. stick: pik-bastono.

goal: (aim) skopo.

goat: kapr-o, -ulo, -ino; g.herd: -o-gard-isto.

goatsucker: kaprimulgo.

gobble: (swallow) glut-(ach)-ar; (turkeys) gluglar (intr.) (cf. klukar).

go-between: mediac-anto, -ero (cf. proxeneto).

goblet: gobleto.

goblin: koboldo; demon-eto; fantomo.

go-cart: shov-chariot-eto.

God: Deo; (a g.) deo; g.ess: de-ino; g.head: de-eso; g.like: de-atra; for the love of G.: pro amo a Deo; thank G.: danko a Deo; oh G.: ho Deo; may G. pardon: Deo pardonez; if G. wills: se plezos a Deo; se Deo volas; g.less: sen-de-a; des-pia.

godchild: bapto-filio.

godfather: bapto-patr-ulo.

godly: pi-a.

godmother: bapto-matro, -patr-ino.

godroon: godrono.

godsend: ciel-ala donac-ajo; bon-ega trov-ajo; bona hazardo.

godson: bapto-fili-ulo.

goggle-eyed: kun okul-(eg)i sali-anta.

goggles: (granda) (orel-) binoklo (protekt-iva); (horses) okul-klapi, -shirm-ili.

going: see go; set g.: funcion-igar; startar; (the fire is) g. out: extingar.

goitre: strum-o; -ous person: -ika, -iko.

gold: or-o; -a, -atra; (coloured) -ea.

goldbeater’s skin: bodrucho.

golden: see gold; g. oriole: oriolo.

goldfinch: kardelo.

goldfish: or-fisho (cf. karasino orea).

goldleaf: ora-pelikulo; (tinsel) oripelo.

goldsmith: or-forj-isto, or-labor-isto.

gold thread: ora filo.

golosh: sur-shuo; (with wooden sole) galosho.

gonagra: gonagro.

gondola: (also of air-ship) gondol-o; -lier: -isto.

gone: pas-inta; (money) spens-ita.

gonfalon: gonfalono.

gong: tamtamo.

goniometer: goniometro.

goniometry: goniometrio.

gonorrhea: gonoreo.

good: (in gen.) bon-a; (person) -(ul)o; (thing) -ajo; (abstract) -eso; lo bona; (interj.) bone! (very g.) -ega (cf. avantajo, profito, util-eso; benigna, konven-anta, favor-oza, -ema, valid-a; bon-konduta); for g. and all: definitiv-a, -e; as g. as: tam bona kam; virtuale; preske; to make g.: reparar; kompensar; indemn-izar; to stand or hold g.: esar valida; valorar; g. for: (appropriate) fit-anta; to be g.: (of children) esar bon-konduta; g. deal of: multa; be as g. as: (equal) valorar (intr.); that is g. for nothing: to ne valoras od valoras nulo; this medicine is g. for fever: ica medikamento valoras kontre febro; to make, become g.: bon-igar, -eskar; g.ness: (abstract) bon-eso; have the g.ness (to): komplezez; g. luck: fortuno; g. breeding: polit-eso; (ulu) bone edukita; g.bye: (to say) adiar; g.bye for the present: til la revido; g. for nothing: ne-valor-anta, -anto; as g. as possible: maxim bona posible; G. Friday: Santa Venerdio; g. God: bona Deo!; to do g.: bona facar (ad); g. will: bon-volo; (com.) klient-iz-ado; g. natured, humoured, tempered: bon-humora; g. souled: bon-anma; g. looking: bela, bon-aspekta; g. riddance: quanta des-charjo.

goods: (commercial) komerc-aj-o, -i; vari; (property) hav-aj-o, -i; mobli; posed-aji; (g. bespoken) komend-aj-o, -i; to order g.: komendar (vari); g. wagon: (R.R..) (covered) var-vagono, (open) truko; (vehicle) charioto, kamiono; (closed) furgono.

goose: ganso; bernicle g.: bernaklo.

gooseberry: grozel-o; (bush) -iero.

goose-flesh: (fig.) ganso-pelo.

goose-quill: ganso-plumo.

goose-step: ganzo-pazo.

Gordian knot: Gordiala nodo.

gore: korno-vundar, -perforar; (n.) (blood) sango (gen.).

gorge: (with food) gavar; (gobble up) glutar; (gen.) (super-) saturar; plen-eg-igar.

gorge: (n.) (ravine) ravin-(eg)o; fauco.

gorgeous: splendida; lux-oza; rich-ega; bel-ega; grandioza.

gorget: gorjereto.

gorilla: gorilo.

gormandize: manj-egar, -achar (cf. gurmando).

gorse: dorno-ginesto.

goshawk: acipitro.

gosling: ganso-yuno.

gospel: evangeli-o; book of the g.: -o-libro; preach the g.: predikar la -o.

gossamer(s): filandr-o, -i; araneo-telo.

gossip: (intr.) babil-ar, -etar, -achar; (a matter of g.) -ajo; -er: -ero, -emo, -acho.

got to, to have: (absolute necessity) (intr.) mustar (cf. devar).

Gothic: gotika.

gouache: gouche (paint); painting: guach-pikt-ado, -uro.

gouge: (instr.) kava cizelo; g. out: ek-cizelar; (the eyes) arachar.

goulash: gulyasho.

gourd: gurdo.

gourmand: (one fond of good living) gurmando.

gourmet: (epicure) gastronomo.

gout: goto; (of knee) gonagro; (of hands) kiragro; (of feet) podagro; -y: -oza, -ika; (person) -oz-(ul)o, -iko.

govern: (also gram.) guvernar (cf. administrar, regnar, jerar; direktar; domtar; dominacar).

governess: guvern-ant-ino, -er-ino.

governing: (act) guvern-(ad)o; self-g.: autonoma.

government: (act) guvern-(ad)o; (the controlling power) guvern-erio; (district as in Russia) guberni-o.

governmental: guvern-ala, -eri-ala.

governor: guvern-anto, -ero, -isto; regn-anto; (mechan.) guvern-ilo; (of a district) guberni-estro; (master) mastr-(ul)o; -ship: guvern-ist-eso.

gown: robo; dressing g.: chambro-robo; g. with train: robo kun tran-ajo; low-cut g.: robo dekolt-ita.

grace: (honour) honor-izar, favorar; (ornament) ornar.

grace: (gracefulness) gracio; (theological) graco; (one of the three Graces) Gracio; (before meals) «benedicite»; (favor) favoro.

graceful: (in apppearance) graci-oza; gracila; (affable) afabla, komplez-ema.

grace-note: fiorituro.

gracile: gracila.

gracious: afabla; komplez-ema; (indulgent) indulg-ema; klementa.

gradation: (degree) grado; (grading) grad-iz-o, -uro.

grade: grad-o, -izar.

gradient: (downward) pento, (upward) rampo; inklino; (meteorological) gradiento.

gradual: grad-oza, -opa; -ly: -oze, -ope.

graduate: (an instrument; confer a degree) grad-izar, obtenar grado o diplomo; diplom-izar, -izesar; (person) grad-iz-ito.

graft: (trees) greft-ar; -ajo, -uro, -o-sproso; (finan.) (intr.) konkusion-ar, -o.

grain: (of corn, of coffee, of leather, etc.) grano (cf. semino; -uno; veino; filo); (wheat) frumento (cf. maizo; cerealo).

grain beetle: milbo.

gram(me): gramo.

gramineous (plant): gramin-a, -o.

graminivorous: herbivor-a, -o.

grammar: gramatiko; g. school: liceo, gimnazio; (U.S.) puer-ala skolo; that is bad g.: to esas ne korekta.

grammarian: gramatik-isto, -ero.

grammatical: gramatik-ala.

gramophone: (record player, phonograph) gramofono.

granary: gran-eyo, garb-eyo; (attic) granario.

grand: (great) granda (cf. superba; nobla; sublima; grandioza; bon-ega); -ee: grand-(ul)o; granda sinioro; -ly: -e; -ness: -eso; g. object: -ajo.

grandchild: nepot-o, -ulo,-ino (cf. nevo).

grandeur: (quality) grand-eso, grandioz-eso, majesto.

grand-father, -sire: av-ulo.

grandiloquent: ostente (od, superbe) parol-anta; pompoz-acha.

grandiose: grandioz-a.

grandmother: av-ino.

grand-nephew: pos-nev-ulo.

grandparent: avo; great-g.: pre-avo; great, great-g.: tri-esma avo.

grandson: nepot-ulo; great-g.: pos-nepot-ulo.

grandstand: tribuno.

granite: granit-o; -a, -ala, -atra.

grant: grantar (cf. koncesionar; supozar; exaucar; permisar; konsentar); grant-o, -ajo, -uro; (public) koncesiono; (of money) subvenciono; -ed: (agreed) grant-ita; agnosk-ita (kom vera); (that) supoz-ita ke; g. amnesty to: amnestiar.

grantee: koncesion-ario; grant-ario; donac-ario; ced-(aj)ario.

granular: gran-ala, -atra, -o-forma; (med.) granul-ala, -oza.

granulate: (form or collect into grains) gran-(et)igar, -et-eskar; -d: (gen.) gran-ala, -oza, -ig-ita; (med.) granul-ala, -oza; -ig-ita.

granulation: gran(et)aro; gran-et-ig(ad)o; (med.) granul-aro; -igo, -esko.

granule: (bot.) grano; (med.) granulo.

granuloma: granulomo.

grape: vit-bero; Muscatel g.: Muskat-bero; to tread g.s: fular (vit-beri); a bunch of g.s: vito-grapo; g. vine: vit-bero, vito.

grapeshot: mitralio.

graph: grafik-o; -ic arts: -a arti; g.ic account: pitoreska deskripto.

graphite: grafito.

graphology: grafologio.

graphometer: grafometro.

grapnel: grapino.

grapple: (hook on) akrochar; (begin to struggle) (intr.) lukt-eskar (kun).

grappling-iron: grapino.

grasp: (also fig.) sizar; (comprehend) komprenar, intelektar (cf. manukaptar; tenar; prenar); to lose one’s g.: des-prenar; (fig.) posedo; povo.

grasping: (miserly) avara.

grass: herb-o, -i; (bot.) gramin-o, -i; g. sod or turf: gazono; g. plot: gazon-eyo, -agro, -bedo; blade of g.: herbo-stip-eto; dog g., couch g.: hundo-herbo; -y: herb-ala, -atra, -oza.

grasshopper: akrido, lokusto, cikado.

grate: (as a nutmeg) raspar; (of noise) grincar (per la denti); gratar; (creak) (intr.) stridar; (as from a stove) greto.

grateful: gratitud-oza, -ema; (pleasing) agreabla; plez-anta; to be g. for: gratitudar (ulu, pro ulo).

grater: rasp-ilo.

gratify: kontent-igar, -eskar, plezar (ad), komplezar.

gratin: (cook) gratin-o; «au g.»: -iz-ita.

grating: (of bars) greto (cf. gicheto); (of sounds) see grate.

gratis: gratuit-a, -e; sen-pag-a; -e.

gratitude: gratitudo (cf. danko).

gratuitous: (free, gratis) gratuita, sen-paga; (supposition) sen-motiva; sen-kauza.

gratuity: (tip) gratifik-uro; to bestow: -ar (ulu); (gift) donac-ajo.

grave: (precious stones, medals) gliptar (cf. grabar); (tomb) tombo; sepult-eyo; (sedate) serioza; (important) grava; (accent) grava; g.yard: tomb-eyo; g.digger: tomb-isto; g.stone: tombo-petro.

gravel: (pebbles) gravio (cf. stono); (med.) gravelo; to g.: (roads, etc.) gravi-izar, ston(et)izar.

graving-dock: repar-doko.

graving-tool: grab-ilo; glipt-ilo.

gravitate: (phys. and fig.) (intr.) gravitar.

gravity: (gravitating) gravit-(ad)o; (weight; importance) grav-eso; centre of g.: baricentro, pez-centro; the law of g.: la lego di gravit-ado; specific g.: specifika grav-eso; (sedateness) serioz-eso.

gravy: (karno-) suko od sauco.

gray: griz-a; (the colour) -o; g. haired man: griz-ulo, griz-hara, -barba, -kapa hom-ulo; to become, turn g.: -eskar; -ness: -eso; -ish: -eta, -atra.

graze: (beasts) pasturar; (touch lightly) frolar; (scratch) skrachar.

grease: gras-o; to g.: -izar (cf. lubrifikar); -y: -a, -oza, -atra; g. spot: graso-makulo; to remove the g. from: des-gras-izar; old cart-g.: unto.

great: (dimensions and fig.) granda; (thick and long) grosa; -ly: multe, grand-e; -ness: -eso; (object) -ajo; (person) -(ul)o; g.er than: supere (ad); to make g.er: plu-grand-igar, (become) -eskar; g.est: maxim granda; g.est care: maxim sorgo; g.est possible: maxim granda posible.

greatcoat: surtuto.

great-grandchild: pos-nepot-ulo.

great-grandfather: pre-av-ulo.

great-uncle: pre-onkl-ulo.

greave: (Gr. antiq.) knemido*.

grebe: (ornit.) grebo.

Grecian: Greka.

greed: (avarice) avar-eso; (avidity) avid-eso; -y: avara; avida; gan-ema; (of food) glut-ema; gurmand-a, -atra; manj-eg-anta; hungr-eg-anta; to eat g.ily: devorar.

Greek: Grek-a.

green: verd-a; (colour) -o; (object) -ajo; (turn) -eskar; (inexperienced) novica; g. wood: ne-sika ligno.

greenfinch: verdron-o.

greengrocer: legum-, frukto-vend-isto.

greenhorn: novic-(ul)o; naiva yun-(ul)o.

greenhouse: teplico.

greenish: verd-atra, -eta.

greenness: verd-eso; manko di experienco; ne-expert-eso.

greenroom: foyero.

greens: legum-i, -aro (verda).

greensickness: kloroso.

greenstone: diabaso.

greensward: gazon-eyo, -agro.

greet(ing): salut-ar, -o.

gregarious: trup-ala, -atra, -ema; kun-ven-ema.

Gregorian: Gregori-ala.

gremial: gremi-alo.

grenade: (hand) grenado.

grenadier: (fig.) grenad-isto.

grenadine: (fabric) silka barejo; (syrup) grenad-sirupo.

grey: see gray.

greyhound: levrier-o, -ulo, -ino, -yuno.

gribene: gribo.

griddle: (frying pan) padelo; (grating) greto.

gridiron: gril-ilo.

grief: chagreno (cf. trist-eso, aflikt-eso, dezol-eso).

grievance: plend-ajo, ne-yust-ajo.

grieve: (have sorrow) (intr.) chagren-ar, (tr.) -igar (cf. dolorar; deplorar; dezolar; trist-igar, -eskar; afliktar; lamentar).

grevious: opresanta, charj-eg-anta; aflikt-anta, -iva, pen-oza, dolor-ig-anta, chagren-ig-anta; trista; grav-ega; dezol-anta.

griffon: grifono.

grill: (boil) grilar; (put grate on) gret-izar; (intr.) gril-ilo.

grim: severa; pavor-ig-anta; -ness: sever-eso; feroc-eso.

grimace: (intr.) grimas-ar, -o.

grime: sordid-eso, -ajo; fango; (soot) fuligino.

grin: rid-et-achar; «rictus».

grind: (of noise, as teeth, door) (intr.) grincar; (as on a grindstine) grindar; (in a mill) muelar; (sharpen) akut-igar; (g. down) triturar.

grinder: (tooth) molara (dento).

grindstone: grind-o-petr-(eg)o.

grip(pe): (med.) gripo, influenzo; (colic) koliko; (person sick with) -ika, -iko.

grip: sizar, kaptar, prenar (ferme); gripping power: pugno-fort-eso; (to have colic) kolikar.

gristle: kartilago.

grit: (sand) sablo; gravio; (pluck) kurajo; -ty: gravi-atra.

grizzly: (grey) griz-a; (becoming grey) griz-esk-anta; g. bear: griza urso.

groan: (intr.) jem-ar, -o.

groats: (oatmeal) gruelo.

grocer: spic-(o-vend)isto.

groceries: spic-aro.

grog: grogo; g. blossom: kuperoso.

groin: (anat.) inguino; (arch.) aristo.

groom: grumo, kaval-sorg-isto; (v.) net-igar.

groomsman: honor-kompan-ulo.

groove: kanel-(et)o, -iz-uro; (square cut) ranur-o; (for something to slide) kuliso; (v.) -izar.

grope: (intr.) tastar.

gross: (thick and long) grosa; (12 dozen) grosdekeduo; (without delicacy) grosiera; (of weight) kun-tara; (entire) integra; plena; (fig.) flagr-anta.

grotesque: groteska.

grotto: groto.

ground: (assertions, reasons) apogar; motiv-izar; (a system, establishment) fondar; (train in first principles) fundament-izar; (elec., as a wire) en-ter-igar; (run ashore) (intr.) strandar; g. arms: abasez la armi; (lay down) depozar armi.

ground: (soil) sulo; (for building, tilling) tereno; (earth) tero (cf. suffix-eyo); (estate) domeno; (background) fundo; (grounds of an estate) parko, teren-aji, gardeni; (basis) bazo, fundamento, fundo, apog-ajo; (motive) motivo; -less: sen-; on the g.s that: pro ke.

ground-cypress: santolino.

ground floor: ter-etajo.

ground-hog: (woodchuck) marmoto.

grounds: (dregs) sedimento.

groundwork: fundament-o, -i.

group: grupo (cf. trupo, bando); (v.) grup-ifar, -igar,-e dispozar; to walk in a g.: trupe marchar; member of a g.: -ano (cf. suffix -ar-).

grouse: gruzo (cf. tetraso, urogalo); (v.) grumblar.

grove: bosk(et)o.

grovel: (intr.) rept-achar; abasar su.

grow: (esp. of living things) kresk-ar, (tr.) -igar, (start) -eskar; (cf. kultivar) (increase) augmentar; (get bigger) plu-grand-eskar; (become) divenar (cf. suffix -esk-); (develop) developar; g. up: matur-eskar; kreskar.

growl: (intr.) grondar, grun-ar, -achar.

growth: kresk-o, -ajo (see grow); (progress) progreso; (excrescence) sur-kresk-ajo.

grub: larvo; (pupa) krizalido; (worm) vermo; lombriko; (food) manj-aj-o, -i; g. up: arachar (roots, etc.).

grubby: des-neta, sordida.

grudge: (to have a, feel a g.) (intr.) rankorar; (tr.) envidiar; (n.) rankoro, envidio, mala volo; they obeyed g.ingly: li obediis kontre-vole.

gruel: (oatmeal) gruel-o (-supo).

gruff: des-afabla, bruska; (of voice; husky) rauka; a g. reply: bruska repliko.

grumble: (intr.) plend-achar; (fig.) grunar.

grume: (clot) grumelo.

grunt: (intr.) grun-ar, -achar; -(ad)o.

guaiacol: (chem.) guayakolo.

guaicum (wood): gayako.

guanine: (chem.) guanino.

guano: guano.

guarantee: garantiar (cf. cert-igar; aval-izar; kaucion-izar).

guard: (persons, beasts) gardar; (screen) shirmar (cf. protektar; prezervar; defensar; sorgar; suciar).

guard: (act) gard-(ad)o; (body of troops) guardo; member of a g.: (soldier) gard-ano; gard-isto, -ero; (bodyg.) korpo-gardo; (escort) eskorto; (on trains, trams, etc.) konduktoro; to mount g.: facionar (intr.); (screen) shirm-ilo (cf. para-); (care) sorgo; (trigger) pont-eto; put on g.: avertar ulu des-fidar (o sorgar pri) ulo; relieve the g.: chanjar la faciono; fall in g.: prenar posturo di skermo o defenso; to be g.ed by: esar gard-ata da ulu; g. oneself: gardar su; g. of sword: espado-konko; to catch anyone off his g.: surprizar ulu sen defenso (od, trovar ulu neglij-anta, -ema).

guarded: (cautious) prudenta, cirkonspekta; reserv-ema.

guardian: (one who guards) gard-isto,-ero; (of a minor etc.) tutel-anto, -ero; kurat-anto, -ero, -isto; (joint g.) kun-, -ship: kurato; (nav.) gard-navo.

guava: guyav-o, -iero.

gudgeon: (fish) gobio; (peg) stifto.

Guelph: guelf-a, -o.

guerilla band: libera trupo.

guess: konjektar, pre-dicar; (discover by g.ing) divenar; at a rough g.: proxime, cirkume; g.work: konjektado.

guest: gast-o; to be a g.: -esar; to receive a s g.: -igar (ulu).

guffaw: rid-egar, -eg-achar; (n.) lauta rid-o, -acho.

guide: guidar (cf. duktar; direktar; indikar); (person) guid-dukt-anta, -ero, -isto; (mechan.) -ilo; g. book: guid-libro; g. post: indik-fosto.

guild: gildo.

guile: ruzo, artifico, tromp-(ad)o; -less: inocenta, sincera, sen-artifica.

guillemot: (ornit., type of auk) gilimoto.

guilloche: giloch-uro, (verb) -ar.

guillotine: gilotin-o, -agar (ulu).

guilt: kulp-oz-eso, krimin-oz-eso; -less: sen-kulpa, inocenta; to find g.ty: deklarar (ulu) kulp-anta, -into, -oza; g.y person: kulp-anto, -into, -ozo (pri).

guinea-fowl, hen: pintado.

guinea-pig: kobayo.

guipure: (lace) gipuro.

guise: (appearance) aspekto; maniero; (costume) kostumo; mask-it-eso; in the g. of: quale, quaze; segun sua maniero o kustumo; vice.

guitar: gitaro.

gulf: (arm of sea) gulfo (2001); (abyss) abismo.

gulfweed: sargaso.

gull: (bird) muevo; (dupe) dup-(ul)o (cf. naivo, stulto); (v.) dup-igar; trompar.

gullet: (interior) guturo; (anat.) ezofago; (exterior) fauco (cf. faringo; laringo).

gullible: kred-ema; facile dup-ig-abla.

gully: ravin-(et)o; to g. out: -izar.

gulp: (also fig.) glutar, -ajo, -edo; (cf. devorar).

gum: (adhesive) gumo; (of teeth) jenjivo; g.miness: viskoz-eso; ; g.my: gum-oza, -atra; to cover with g.: gum-izar; g. -arabic: (Araba) gumo; g. ammoniac: amoniako-gumo; g.-boil: jenjiv-ala furunklo; g. tragacanth: adraganto; g. tree: gum-arboro; g.lac: gum-lako; g. elastic: (tape) kauchuka rubando, elastiko; g.shoe: kauchuka sur-shuo; kauchuka boto.

gun: (of any kind) paf-ilo; (rifle) fusilo; (cannon) kanono; smooth-bore g.: glata-pafilo; shot-g.: glata-fusilo; rifled-g.: stri-iz-ita paf-ilo; hunting g.: chas-fusilo; double-barreled g.: du-opa fusilo; repeating g.: iter-anta fusilo; revolver-kanono; to shoot a g.: (fusil-)pafar (ad).

gunboat: kanon-nav-eto (od, -batelo).

gun-carriage: afusto.

gun-cotton: pulvero-, nitro-kotono, piroxilo.

gun-deck: baterio-ferdeko.

gunmaker: fusil-isto; arm-if-isto.

gunner: kanon-ero, -isto; artilri-ano, -isto.

gunnery: kanon-arto; paf-cienco, -arto.

gunport: sabordo.

gunpowder: (fusil-, kanon-) pulvero; g. plot: pulvero-konspiro.

gun-rack: fusil-rasteliero.

gunshot: (act or noise of shooting) pafo; at (within) g.: ye fusil-atingo; ye paf-disto.

gunwale: batelo-bordo.

gurgle: glugl-o; (intr.) -ar (cf. gorgolar).

guru: (spiritual teacher, esp. Hindu) guruo*.

gush (forth): (intr.) spricar; (from eyes) gut-ifar (de); g.ing: (sentimental) sentiment-oza; fervor-ega; extravag-ema.

gust: (wind) vento-frapo, -stroko; sufl-eto, -ego, -ajo; (of passion) aceso di iraco; -y: vent-oza.

gustatory: gust-ala.

gut: (fish, etc.) vaku-igar, sen-intestin-igar; (intestine) intestino; (catgut) katguto.

guttapercha: gutaperk-a, -o.

gutter: pluv-kanal-eto; (of eaves) tekto-kanal-eto; (spout) pluv-tubo.

gutteral: guter-ala; (gram.) -alo.

guy: figur-acho.

guzzle: (en)glut-achar; (food) manj-eg-(ach)ar.

gymnasium: (for gymnastics) gimnastik-eyo; (school) gimnazio.

gymnast: gimnastik-isto, -ero.

gymnastics, to do: (intr.) gimnastikar.

gymnotus: gimnoto.

gynandrous: ginandra.

gynecium: gineceo.

gynecology, gynaecology: ginekologio.

gynodiœcious: ginodioika.

gypaetus: gipaeto.

gypsum: gipso.

gyrate: turn-adar, jir-(ad)ar, rotacar (sur, cirkum).

gyratory: jir-ala, -anta.

gyrometer: girometro.

gyroscope: giroskopo.

gyves: kateni; (handcuffs) manoti.